* Teachers specifically educated in Montessori philosophy and methods. * Partnership with families.
* Multiaged, heterogeneous groups of children
* Diverse Montessori materials and experiences, carefully presented and sequenced to children’s needs. * Schedules that allow large blocks of time to problem solve and become deeply involved in learning. * A classroom atmosphere that encourages social interaction for cooperative learning. * Teachers are given instruction in presenting directions in sequential steps. * The major responsibility of the teacher is to create a “prepared environment”. * Montessori teachers also create an atmosphere of calm and order. Bank Street Approach
* Lucy Sprague Mitchell together with Caroline Pratt and Harriet Johnson established the Play School which is also called the first nursery school in the US which used the “developmentally appropriate” program. * Focuses on themes of great interest to children- the “how, what and why” explorations of the physical and social worlds and the question of origins. * Five key social studies subjects- cultural anthropology, history, political science, economics and geography. Some common group activities such as cooking, trips, listening to music and group discussions. * Children are encouraged to learn in their own way.
* Play is the heart of the developmental-interaction approach. Play is the most profound means available to children for constructing and formulating knowledge. * The function of the teacher is to create the physical and psychological learning environment. * The teacher’s role is an observer and facilitator of learning. * The recognition of the importance of family involvement and communication. Waldorf Approach
* Rudolf Steiner an Austrian Philosopher established the Waldorf Education. * Key understanding is “human as the integration of...