2 IEEE TRANSACTIONSON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS,VOL. 40, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1993 Variable Structure Control: A Survey John Y. Hung, Member, IEEE, Weibing Gao, SeniorMember, IEEE, and James C. Hung, Fellow, IEEE Abstract-A tutorial account of variable structure control with brief discussions about its historical development are pre- sliding mode is presented in this paper. The purpose is to sented. introduce in a concise manner the fundamental theory, main results, and practical applications of this powerful control sys- A. The Basic Notion of VSC tem design approach. This approach is particularly attractive The basic idea of VSC was originally illustrated by a for the control of nonlinear systems. Prominent characteristics such as invariance, robustness, order reduction, and control second-order system [431, [ 1541 similar to the following chattering are discussed in detail. Methods for coping with X=y chattering are presented. Both linear and nonlinear systems are considered. Future research areas are suggested and an exten- +U 2y -x y = (la) sive list of references is included.

-*x U = where * CONVENTIONS SYMBOLS FOR 4 when s ( x , y ) > 0 = Capital, italic letters represent matrices, e.g., A and K . (1b) when s ( x , y ) < 0 = -4 Boldface, roman lower-case letters represent vectors, e.g., a and k. and Lower-case, italic letters represent scalars, e.g., a and s(x,y) = X U , u=0.5x+y. (IC) k.

A block diagram of the system is shown in Fig. l(a). The...

...Axia College Material
Appendix G
Sequential and Selection Process ControlStructure
In the following example, the second line of the table specifies that tax due on a salary of $2000.00 is $225.00 plus 16% of excess salary over $1500.00 (that is, 16% of $500.00). Therefore, the total tax is $225.00 + $80.00, or $305.00.
| |Salary Range in Dollars |Base Tax in Dollars |Percentage of Excess |
|1...

...Definition
- Command and Control: Control of an organisation via a central management and commanding the roles.
- The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commanding team over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the goal. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing,...

...repetition controlstructure?
Repetition controlstructure is also known as looping or iteration controlstructure. .Repetition is the act of repeating steps in a certain process. It consists of a branching backwards away from the normal sequence of steps towards an earlier step. The branching decision is based on a relationship between the values of known data (condition) at the time that the branching...

...MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEM
GROUP TASK
SUMMARY
Controls for Differentiated Strategies
PRESENTED BY
FINA ELWASISTE 0910534030
M. ALVICKY SATYWARDANA 1210534006
MUHAMMAD IRVAN ADHA 1210534022
INTERNATIONAL ACCCOUNTING
2014
Controls for Differentiated Strategies
Focus of chapter is Contingency Theory: A specific structure and process for an organization depends upon various external and internal factors.
Research...

...Associate Program Material
Appendix G
Sequential and Selection Process ControlStructure
In the following example, the second line of the table specifies that tax due on a salary of $2,000.00 is $225.00 plus 16% of excess salary over $1,500.00 (that is, 16% of $500.00). Therefore, the total tax is $225.00 + $80.00, or $305.00.
| |Salary Range in Dollars |Base Tax in Dollars |Percentage of Excess...

...REPETITION CONTROLSTRUCTURES
The Usefulness of Selection
Repetition ControlStructures
John C. Wells, Jr.
University of Phoenix
Abstract
In The Usefulness of Selection and Repetition ControlStructures article you will find that there are various uses for the selection and repetition controlstructures. The four selection control...

...
1. Which of the following would increase the likelihood that a company would increase its debt ratio in its capital structure?
a. An increase in costs incurred when filing for bankruptcy.
b. An increase in the corporate tax rate.
c. An increase in the personal tax rate.
d. None of the statements above is correct.
ANSWER: B An increase in the corporate tax rate would mean that firms would get larger tax breaks for interest payments. Therefore, firms have an incentive...

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