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EDUCATIO

SECTO

UD

OJEC

A /90 / 0041

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r ce

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eC811t (,iiraCllu8't8S:

by
U Kyaw Kyaw

yanmar Educa .on Re arch Bur
Y on
Fe
ry. 1992

u

A Tracer Study of Recent Graduates:
Implications for Education
and Manpower Planning

by

U Kyaw Kyaw (Department of labour)

Acknowledgement: This paper is the outcome of the collaborative effort of ESS Working Group No. 3 (Education and Employment). The working group, chaired by Dr. Thet Lwin (Institute of Economics) included the following members: U Tin Nyo (MERB), U Kyaw Kyaw (Department of Labour), Daw Myint Myint Vi (Institute of Economics), U Van Naing (DBE), Daw Win Win Myint (Institute of Economics!, Daw Lai Lai Vu (MERB!, Dr. Mehm Hla Aung Gyi (MERB),Dr. Nyi Nyl (Ministry of Agriculture), U Kan Myint (DTAVE) and U Tun Aye (Ministry of No. 1 Industry).

ABSTRACT
This paper documents the result of a tracer study among graduates of secondary and postsecondary Government education institutions, as well as among completers of private skills training courses. It discusses how tracer studies can be used to assist education and manpower planning. The study questionnaire covers employment history and job attitudes, income, and demographic information. To strengthen the effectiveness of education and manpower planning, tracer studies need to be organized more regularly, and their findings fed into the decision-making process. It might therefore be desirable to set up a Tracer Study Unit which could serve several departments and institutions simultaneously.

PREFACE

The Ministry of Education, UNDP and UNESCO are engaged in a joint effort to review the present state.of education and manpower training in the Union of Myanmar. This review is being carried out under the Education Sector Study project, which began in mid-1990. The objective of the project is to help improving Myanmar's education system so it can make contribute more effectively to the country's social and economic development. The first phase of the Education Sector Study (ESS), a detailed diagnosis and analysis of the needs of the education sector, is now completed. A synthesis of the main findings has been issued in a separate report. This paper is one of a series of working papers produced by Myanmar ESS participants. The series covers various important aspects of education, such as quality and efficiency, linkages between education and employment, costs and financing, school facilities, and sector organization and management. The ESS Working Papers series addresses itself to all professional staff in the education sector, as well as to interested researchers. It is hoped that these papers will contribute to stimulate a national discussion on ways and means to improve Myanmar's education system.

Dr. Khin Maung Kywe
National Project Director

Antoine Schwartz
Chief Technical Adviser

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

OBE
DHE
DTAVE
ESS
MERB

Department of Basic Education
Department of Higher Education
Department of Technical, Agricultural and Vocational Education Education Sector Study
Myanmar Education Research Bureau

T ABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

I.

INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

1

11.

METHODOLOGY AND SURVEY DESIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

2

Ill.

PLACEMENT OF GRADUATES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

4

IV.

ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

9

V.

CONCLUSION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

10

LIST OF TABLES

Page

1
2

3
4

5
6

Training Institutions Run by the Government
Skill Training Course Run By Private Establishments
Response Rate by Type of Graduates/Skills
Match Between Training and Employment
Type of...
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