‘VALUE ORIENTED HISTORY TEACHING’
(WITH REFERENCE TO SHIVAJI MAHARAJ THE VALIANT MARATHA RULER) Competition held by the Municipal Corporation Of Greater Mumbai Education Department - Private Primary English Medium Schools BY : Ms. Arti Desai – Teacher.
In the world famous story of ‘Alice In Wonder Land’ Alice at one place asked the Cheshire cat, “Would you tell me pleas, which way I ought to go from here?’”That depends a good deal on where you want to go to,” said the cat meaningfully. “I don’t much care where ……”said Alice. “Then it does not matter which way you go,” said the cat. Is this how we shall lead our children in the future? Certainly not. We shall use the past, to show them, the right path into the future. History is the record of what one age finds worthy of note, in another. It is a voice for ever, sounding across the centuries, the moral laws of right and wrong.
Young children study history through personalities. Taking the history curriculum of std IV (Shivaji), let us see, what values we can teach our children, through Shivaji’s life. When Shivaji was born, his father Shahaji through stories of Ramanaya and Mahabharata and various devotional songs, thus giving values like truthfulness, bravery and devotion for God. The students may be encouraged to find and narrate the stories , told by Jijabai or recite the songs in class. This activity would help the children to feel and understand the values brought out in the stories and songs. The child also learns to love and respect, his own elders and value the efforts taken by them for him.
It is said that Shivaji enjoyed playing with poor children, visited their huts and shared their simple meals. Children may enact this part of Shivaji’s story, wherein cultural values, such as equality, unity and kindness to the less fortunate will be inculcated. Even fairy tales like ‘The Little Match Girl’ could be used to strengthen these values.
As Shivaji grew up he was trained...