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Value-Based Curriculum and Teaching Methodology : an Integrated Approach to Communal Harmony and National Integration

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  • November 2011
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Value-based Curriculum and Teaching Methodology : An Integrated Approach to Communal Harmony and National Integration Mohit Puri*

For a country to be truly great, there must be an understanding and the appreciation of each other's differences and strengths. The quality of the educational system need to be improved for ensuring peace and stability in the country which in turn would promote national integration. Etymologically harmony means 'binding together' and 'being in concord with one another'. From a sociological perspective, harmony can be understood as a mode of social existence. Communal harmony means living with unity, mutual reciprocity, beyond class, caste, creed and gender barriers. Communal Violence emerges as the consequence of this disturbed communal harmony.

Communal Violence is the outcome of communal disharmony
Communal Violence is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion. No universally agreed, legally binding, criminal law definition of communal violence currently exists. Common definitions of communal violence refer only to those violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror), are perpetrated for a religious, political or ideological goals, deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (civilians), and are committed by non-government agencies. There has been many cases of communal disharmony in India in which Ayodhya dispute and The 1984 Anti Sikh Riots are worth mentioning. Ayodhya dispute has been a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, Faizabad,  Uttar Pradesh. This is one rare legal battle in which the court ordered for excavations at the disputed site and also got old revenue records examined by the Forensic Science Laboratory. It is a long disputed case which always has given a threat of communal disharmony. Similarly, in 1984, Sikhs...