Validity of Moral Judgments

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This paper will be a discussion of moral judgments and the disagreements surrounds their validity in the absolute and moral sense.Most philosophers believe in either Normative Moral Relativism or Moral Objectivism. In class, Normative Moral Relativism is defined as the view that the truth or falsity of moral judgments is relative to the traditions etc. of a society or culture. Moral Objectivism, however, is defined in class as the view that morality is objective only if three rules are met, the first being that moral judgments are ordinarily true or false in an absolute sense, the second rule being that many moral judgments are true and the third rule being that persons are often justified in believing true moral judgments and disbelieving false judgments. This paper will be a defense of a sense of pluralism; that if there are not specific universal values held by all cultures from which absolute moral judgments may be made there is at least a minimum value of humanity that must be maintained in order for any society to remain functional. Absolute moral judgments may be made in regard to that minimum value of humanity. Isaiah Berlin originated the Pluralism theory, which is very similar to Normative Moral Relativism. Berlin’s theory concluded that there is a minimum value of humanity without which no society could endure and that there is never any justification for violation of this minimum value. Terence Turner takes a relativist stand but unlike Berlin, he supports an anthropologist’s view and holds to a more complete Normative Moral Relativism. Turner believes in a subjective idealist form of relativity, in committing to withhold on morally judging a person, society or culture until a thorough attempt has been made at understanding that culture’s traditions, values, and context. Richard Shweder also defends an anthropological, and more complete, form of relativism. Shweder’s relativism stresses the importance of tolerance and moral diversity, allowing for...
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