In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in ENG. 43, TEACHING OF LISTENING of Bachelor in Secondary Education Major in English
Prof. Bryan M. Cubelo
Royo, James C.
Eleria, Mark Rhoid R.
Marana, Justine Therese L.
Magtuba, Eva Mae Joy M.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
II.BODY OF THE RESEARCH
A.READING AND WRITING
A1. What is Reading?
a)Components of Reading
b)Importance of Reading
c)Way to teach children to read
d)How can parents help their children develop good reading skills? A2. What is Writing?
a)Components of Writing
b)Importance of Writing
c)Ways to teach writing
d)How to motivate students to write more
B. READING AND WRITING CONNECTION
B3. Instructional Activities
B4. Teaching Process
A1. What is reading?
Reading is a multifaceted process involving word recognition, comprehension, fluency and motivation. Learn how readers integrate these facets to make meaning from print. (Diane Henry Leipzig (2001)
Different views about reading:
•Reading is a subtle and complex process that involves sensation, perception, comprehension, application and integration. •Reading is a multi-faceted, complex skill made of a number of psychological, physical, and social elements. (Dubin, 1982). •Reading is a psycholinguistic guessing game. (Goodman, 1967). •Reading is an interactive and interpretive process. No text can be considered separate from the reader. There must be a successful interaction between the reader and the discourse to be proceeded. (Williamson, 1988).
The Five Essential Components of Reading
•Recognizing and using individual sounds to create words, or phonemic awareness. Children need to be taught to hear sounds in words and those words are made up of the smallest parts of sound, or phonemes.
•Understanding the relationships between written letters and spoken sounds, or phonics. Children need to be taught the sounds individual printed letters and groups of letters make.
•Knowing the relationships between letters and sounds helps children to recognize familiar words accurately and automatically, and "decode" new words.
•Developing the ability to read a text accurately and quickly, or reading fluency. Children must learn to read words rapidly and accurately in order to understand what is read. When fluent readers read silently, they recognize words automatically. When fluent readers read aloud, they read effortlessly and with expression. Readers who are weak in fluency read slowly, word by word, focusing on decoding words instead of comprehending meaning.
•Learning the meaning and pronunciation of words, or vocabulary development. Children need to actively build and expand their knowledge of written and spoken words, what they mean and how they are used.
•Acquiring strategies to understand remember and communicate what is read, or reading comprehension strategies. Children need to be taught comprehension strategies, or the steps good readers use to make sure they understand text. Students who are in control of their own reading comprehension become purposeful, active readers.
The Importance of Reading
By Damian Sofsian
It is a well-known fact that when there were no televisions or computers, reading was a primary leisure activity. People would spend hours reading books and travel to lands far away in their minds. The only tragedy is that, with time, people have lost their skill and passion to read. There are many other exciting and thrilling options available, aside from books. That is a shame because reading offers a productive approach to improving vocabulary and word power. It is advisable to indulge in at least half an hour of...