Overexploitation is arising due to the fact that people over consume and overproduce which leads to the use more scarce resources. The earth is polluted everyday by thousands tones of fertilizers and pesticides, the air is poisoned by industrial waste which has already led to the creation of the harmful acid rain and the greenhouse effect which threatens the ecological balance and the biodiversity.
Nowadays there are many technological ideas that can reverse the damages. Solar energy which is emitted by the sun and can be used on its own for a source of energy and it can substitute the burning of coal. Geothermic energy is a mild source of energy that can be used with combination with technology to provide heating and other electrical energy. Wind energy can be used with modern machinery to provide electrical energy to preserve the carbon fuels. Alternative fuels, for example bio diesel, is renewable and can be used for providing energy in vehicles and machines instead of petrol. It is also fully burnt so it releases less poisonous gases such as carbon monoxide and it is biodegradable as it is recycled by the microorganisms. Also there is the formation of cars that use hydrogen as an energy source. As well recycling is an very important matter. People are getting more conscientious about segregating paper, glass and plastic so as to reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution and water pollution. Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" waste hierarchy.
If people do not learn how to respect the environment then the dreadful consequences will affect them in the future.
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