TEACHING ENGLISH VOCABULARY
TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS BY USING CROSSWORD PUZZLE
Teaching vocabulary is something challenging, especially if it is done to elementary school students. It is chalenging because elementary school students usually do not like to learn something in a serious way. They are still children that like to play. A serious way in teaching will just make them bored. It is why teaching vocabulary to elementary school students requires creativity of the teacher. One of the alternatives that can be used to teach vocabulary to elementary school students is by using crossword puzzle. This essay will provide information on the implementation and the effectiveness of using crossword puzzle in teaching vocabulary to elementary school students. It will be started with the background why learning vocabulary through crossword puzzle is important. There will be three important reasons that are given to prove that teaching vocabulary by using crossword puzzle is very effective.
Vocabulary is an important aspect in the English learning process. It is the basic aspect in learning English because it will be needed by students when they learn English skills like reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students who learn English must have a strong foundation on vocabulary in order to make them able to learn English easily. Since vocabulary is the basic aspect to learn English, it should be learned since students are still in elementary school.
Teaching vocabulary to elementary school students is challenging. Elementary school students still like to play and do some fun activities. They can be bored easily when they are asked to study. Teaching vocabulary to them by using traditional way (using dictionary to find the meaning of words) can make them bored easily. Therefore, teacher is required to be creative and innovative in teaching so that students can be fun in learning vocabulary.
Teacher should be able to use and develop some interesting techniques that can make students not only understand the material easily but also be fun in learning vocabulary. Some games, songs, cue cards, and crossword puzzles can be used to teach vocabulary to elementary school students. From all of those techniques, crossword puzzle is the most efective techniques to teach vocabulary to elementary school students. This essay will provide information on the implementation and the effectiveness of using crossword puzzle in teaching vocabulary to elementary school students.
Crossword Puzzles Appeal to All Ages
The first reason why crossword puzzle is effective to be used in teaching vocabulary is that it appeals to all ages. Azimi (2010) states that crossword puzzle is a favorite entertainment because it attracts all ages (from children to adult), it can be completed in a brief time, and it can cause a sense of accomplishment when people can solve it. It means that crossword puzzle is appropriate to all ages. Children, teenagers, and even adults can do it. Since all ages can do crossword puzzle, teacher can use it to teach elementary school students.
In addition, it will be effective to use crossword puzzle to teach vocabulary because it can be solve in a brief time. Students will not need a long time to solve a crossword puzzle especially if the crossword puzzle is arranged based on the topic, like transportation, fruit, occupation, etc. This topic-based arrangement will make the students understand the vocabulary that they learn easily.
Students will usually be more interested in doing something that is fun and challenging like completing crossword puzzle. Although not all crossword puzzle are easy to solve, students will not consider it as a test because crossword puzzle is different from a test. Students will be more motivated to completing crossword puzzle because it is more interesting than a test. Jones (2010) says that after published in 1913, crossword puzzle is started...
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