Spoken and Written Communication
Mrs. Genoveva Ramos
In partial fulfillment of the course requirements in
English 1b Writing in the Disciplines
Using Common Expressions to Improve Spoken and Written Communication INTRODUCTION
English is now the dominant or official language in over 60 countries and is represented in every language is a vital means of communication for millions of people around the world. During the twentieth century, numerous technological inventions and developments, such as the telephone. fax, electronic mail, internet, etc. have facilitated communication between people from all walks of life and the language that is used most is English, as the following quote proves, “Most of the scientific, technological and academic information in the world is expressed in English and over 80% of all the information stored in electronic retrieval systems is in English. (Crystal, 1997,106, http://www.3telus.net/linguistics/linguafranco.htm) A language us systematic means of communication by the use of sounds or conventional symbols. It is the code we all use to express ourselves and communicate to others. It is an oral communication by mouth. It is the mental faculty or power of vocal communication. It is system for communicating ides, specifically, human speech, and the expression of ideas by the voice and sounds articulated by the organs of the throat and mouth. This is a system for communication. A language us the written and spoken methods of combining words to create meaning used by a particular group of people. Our use of language in written and spoken forms is one of the most important ways by which we can communicate our understanding, gather new information, participate in the academic and professional world, and interact socially. In academic studies, written English is particularly important. Ways of communicating in different subject areas must be mastered, and the language must be appropriate.
Official or serious situations are often signaled by the use of formal language, while ordinary or relaxed situations are signaled by the use of informal language. Formality of language varies in relation to such factors as public v. private occasion, the size of the audience, the relationship of the speaker/writer with the audience, and so on. The ability to vary your language according to the situation is often considered a mark of an educated person. Formal language, even when spoken, is often associated with the conventions expected of written standard English. At its most extreme, formal language is signaled by complex, complete sentences, impersonality, avoidance of colloquial or slang vocabulary, and a consistent preference for learned? Words often derived from Latin. Informal language is characterized by a simpler grammatical structure (i.e. loosely-connected sentences and phrases), personal evaluation, and a colloquial or slang vocabulary. People often speak of language as being correct or incorrect. It would be more accurate to refer to particular language structures as being formal or informal, appropriate or inappropriate for a specific context. In everyday conversation we do not have to follow the rules of grammar as carefully as we would in a formal address or a business letter. If we adhere too closely to formal rules of grammar in an informal situation, we can come across as being stuffy and unnatural. It is like wearing a tuxedo or a formal gown to an ordinary business meeting. Formal English follow rules of grammar very strictly. Sentences tend to be longer and more complex. The vocabulary tends to be elevated, using big words and avoiding slang or vernacular. It avoids split infinitives and prepositions at the end of sentences. Informal language may make use of slang and colloquialisms, employing the conventions of spoken language. However, it is too...