Use of Wild Plants for Food Security

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Editorial Manager(tm) for Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food Manuscript Draft Manuscript Number: FOSE211R1 Title: Wild edible fruit diversity and its significance in the livelihood of indigenous tribals: evidence from Eastern India Article Type: Original refereed paper Keywords: Forest food, Food security, Forest income, Natural product Corresponding Author: Ajay kumar Mahapatra, Ph.D Corresponding Author's Institution: Regional Plant Resource Center First Author: Ajay kumar Mahapatra, Ph.D Order of Authors: Ajay kumar Mahapatra, Ph.D;Pratap Chandra Panda, Ph.D Abstract: A number of wild plants used by rural and tribal population contributing significantly to livelihood and food security have escaped recognition and scientific inquiry in many developing countries. Agro-diversity conservation and optimal uses of under utilised resources require region specific assessment relating distribution and abundance of wild edibles and their mode of extraction by locals for incorporating it into development intervention. The study analysed collection, consumption, sale and income from edible forest fruits in 49 tribal villages spread over five districts of Orissa state in eastern India. Density, dominance and diversity of wild fruit yielding species were measured by studying ecological parameters in the sample plots. We recorded a total of 56 wild edible fruit species belonging to 40 genera under 26 families in the studied region many of which has multiple use value. Indigenous fruits formed part of family diet with varying proportion across communities; while few were adopted as hunger food. Sale of wild fruits contributed to 15% of income for tribal households. The tribal though possess good knowledge of indigenous fruits, but have not favoured fruit tree farming which calls for appropriate policy and extension support to local peasants. Response to Reviewers: Kindly refer to the reviewers comments on our manuscript "Wild edible fruit diversity and its significance in the livelihood of indigenous tribals: evidence from Eastern India' submitted to Food Security. We are grateful to the reviewers for their highly critical, but very justified comments on the draft earlier submitted for consideration by Food Security. In fact, it prompted us to relook at the paper and make substantial improvement suiting to the journal's requirement. As the comments were too many, instead of giving a pointed wise reply we prefer to submit here below the broad issues dealt in making major changes, in line with the recommendations communicated by the reviewers. The revised MS has taken into account all major concern expressed by reviewers without compromising the format or essential components of the work. 1. The length of the MS has been shortened in all sections. Both the result and discussion section in particular have been restructured. While the findings from the interpreted data and analysis etc, has been retained in result section, the discussion section was recognized placing relevant findings and its implications in reference to debate on use of wild resources in peoples' livelihood across various settings. 2. The literatures have been updated.

3. Inconsistencies in reference, discrepancies in font size, missing units in tables have been attended to. 4. The text has been reorganized and edited to improve the readability, and its focus and clarity. 5. The objectives of the work have been specified in the introduction paragraph. 6. Relevant statistical tests of the collected data have been made and discussed in the text and given in table to demonstrate differences in reference to wild-fruit collection, use etc. between tribal groups and landscaspes. 7. Key findings of the study are now highlighted in the result paragraphs, while implication of finding has been discussed in the discussion. 8. The revised draft has been developed focusing 5 major issues relating to the subject and repetitive...
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