Use of Robotics in Health Care Sector

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We are all familiar with the ‘ROBOTS’. So, the question is that, “WHAT IS A ROBOT?” The answer lies here: A robot is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent, usually an electro-mechanical machine that is guided by a computer program or electronic circuitry. Robots can be autonomous, semi-autonomous or remotely controlled and range from humanoids such as ASIMO and TOPIO to Nano robots, 'swarm' robots, and industrial robots. By mimicking a lifelike appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of intelligence or thought of its own. Robots are said to be the future of mankind. WHAT IS THE USE OF ROBOTS IN HEALTH CARE SECTOR? Scientists say that, by 2050 one in four people in the world will be over the age of 65. The NHS will be unable to cope with the likely increase in chronic illness. To meet this challenge, health and local authority services must reconfigure, placing greater emphasis on community care and the effective use of technology. One promising technology is robotics. WHAT IS ROBOTICS? Robotics is the engineering science and technology of robots, their design, manufacture, application, and structural disposition. Robotics is related to electronics, mechanics, and software. Robots possess some form of mobility. They are: 1) Programmability: Programmability is implying computational or symbol-manipulative capabilities that a designer can combine as desired. It can be programmed to accomplish a large variety of tasks. After being programmed, it operates automatically. 2) Sensors: Sensors are on or around the device that is able to sense the environment and give useful feedback to the device. 3) Mechanical capability: Mechanical capability enables it to act on its environment rather than merely function as a data processing or computational device. Artificial intelligence is a remarkable characteristic of robots. Artificial intelligence is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer...
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