Within free association the client is encouraged to express anything that comes into their mind. Each incident may then, through free association of ideas, lead to other thoughts and memories that perhaps extend into childhood. The role of the therapist is to intervene occasionally perhaps to encourage reflection into a particular experience. During free association the therapist will be identifying key ideas and themes that can be analysed. Freud introduced free association to try and get round the defence put up by the ego and so brings material from the unconscious. Dream Analysis
Freud referred to dreams as the royal road to the unconscious. He felt that during dreams the normal barriers to the unconscious material were lifted and the symbolic imagery of dreams was a reflection of this unconscious material. Therefore by analysing the content of the dreams the therapist might be able to identify significant conflicts repressed into the unconscious. The therapist’s role is to use their understanding of how the dream work operates to interpret the symbolism of the dream. Putting together the themes that emerge through the process are put together. The client can then work through these problems with the therapist identifying and resolving their issues. Projective tests
Although this is not part of Freud’s original therapeutic techniques projective tests are used in a variety of psychodynamic approaches. In these tests the client is required to project or impose their own thoughts and associations on a particular stimulus material. Evaluation
* These therapies accept that adult disorders may have their roots in...