Use of Contraceptives

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CHAPTER ONE
use of contraception
In ancient times contraceptives were not as readily available as they are now. Ancient Egyptians used penis protectors Made from animal intestines, or condoms made of snakeskin. In 1504, Fallopius, an Italian anatomist, created linen condom in an attempt to stop the spread of syphilis. In the 1800’s the discovery of rubber made the manufacture of rubber condoms possible. These were used to control the spread of disease and prevent pregnancies. Many different concoctions have been used by women as contraceptives, such as a drink of copper sulphate or even mercury! Women in India took carrot seeds, while others drank an infusion of beaver testicles! Barrier methods were also available for women – sea sponges soaked in lemon juice or halved citrus fruits were inserted into a woman’s cervix! The fruit juice acted as a spermicide and the sponge or fruit acted as a physical block. Fortunately, there are now many different methods available to sexually active women to prevent pregnancy. These include barrier methods, intrauterine devices, hormonal and natural methods. Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. Planning and provision of birth control is called family planning. Safe sex, such as the use of male or female condoms, can also help prevent transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. Contraceptive use in developing countries has cut the number of maternal deaths by 44% (about 270,000 deaths averted in 2008) but could prevent 73% if the full demand for birth control were met. Because teenage pregnancies are at greater risk of adverse outcomes such as preterm birth, low birth weight and infant mortality, some authors suggest adolescents need comprehensive sex education and access to reproductive health services, including contraception. By lengthening the time between pregnancies, birth control can also improve adult women's delivery outcomes and the survival of their children.

Contraception means a practice if preventing a woman from becoming pregnant or it can be defined as birth control in order to limit the number of children and at the same time to enjoy marital relationship. There are many contraceptive methods are introduced by the secular world in order to control the population of the country and other reasons.

Birth control ought to mean anyway of controlling birth, including abstinence from intercourse and its limitations to its sterile periods. But it is usually taken to mean artificial contraception, the use of the mechanical, physical or chemical means to make the sexual act possible without a resulting conception. This is the sense in which the term is taken in the present discussion. Some such methods have been used from the earliest times, but they were crude and effective and overlaid with superstition. The advanced in medical knowledge and the wide spread marketing of perfect devices have brought contraception within the reach of most and have made it a social as well as a moral issue.

If we focus our attention to the use or the advantages of contraception, practically this contraceptive methods are accepted and encouraged in some of the over populated countries, in order to avoid economic problem, many number of children in poor families, parents have to struggle to educate their children, feed their children when parents fails to their responsibilities to the children, they become threat to the society. Poor children become street beggers, stealers and robbers in order to satisfy their basic needs. Therefore each parent has a responsibility to plan out the future of their children. For these positive reasons most of the countries it is allowed and encouraged to follow a safety contraceptive methods to avoid unwanted pregnancy. But people are advised to follow the guidance of the physician or a medical expert. It is commonly used in the present context but at the same time some...
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