Us Shift to Asia Pecific

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 106
  • Published : May 30, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Pre-Publication Final Draft/Cleared Security and Policy Review

April 29, 2013

STRATEGIC SHIFT: APPRAISING RECENT CHANGES IN U.S. DEFENSE PLANS AND PRIORITIES By Richard L. Kugler and Linton Wells II April 29, 2013

National Defense University Center for Technology and National Security Policy

Strategic Shift

Richard Kugler and Linton Wells II

Page 1 of 107

Pre-Publication Final Draft/Cleared Security and Policy Review

April 29, 2013

Foreword: Viewing the “Strategic Shift” Study in the Context of On-Going Changes to U.S. Defense Strategy, Forces, and Operational Concepts This “Strategic Shift” study examines important changes in U.S. defense planning unveiled by the Department of Defense (DOD) during 2012 and early 2013. Through a series of strategic and operational documents DOD has put forth an interlocking set of changes that placed greater emphasis on the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions, created a new force-sizing construct, adopted new operational concepts, trimmed the U.S. force structure and defense budget, and called for enhanced cooperation with global partners. These strategies and concepts were developed under to the levels of the FY13 Defense budget submission and are carried forth in the FY14 Defense budget submission. This study describes these changes, evaluates them, and addresses the challenges of implementation. In particular, it recommends that DOD “double down” in its pursuit of globally integrated operations through joint force integration in the context of the Capstone Concept for Joint Operations and the cross-domain synergy needed to operate effectively in the face of sophisticated adversaries. These are likely to be important in any strategic context. This study’s conclusions and recommendations are not altered by DOD’s budget request in FY14, though effective implementation will be more challenging. The additional budget reductions imposed by sequestration, and others that may follow, will affect these strategies, forces and operational concepts. In response, in March 2013 Secretary of Defense Hagel launched a DOD-wide “Strategic Choices and Management Review,” to be completed by 31 May that is intended to inform DOD’s next Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR). The announcement of the review said: “We’ll need to relook at all our assumptions and we’ll need to adjust our ambitions to match our abilities. That means doing less but not doing less well It also means relying on other instruments of power to help underwrite global security.” This was reinforced in Secretary Hagel’s speech at the National Defense University on April 3, 2013. Against this background, the “Strategy Shift” study should be considered not only for its analysis of the 2012 strategic and operational guidance, but also as a baseline from which to assess changes that will be developed in the 2013 review, 2014 QDR and subsequent DOD decisions. Richard L. Kugler Linton Wells II

The full Strategic Shift document is available at www.ndu.edu/CTNSP/docUploaded//KuglerWells%20-%20Strategic%20Shift%20-%20PrePub%20Final.pdf. Contact Lin Wells at: WellsL3@ndu.edu or (202) 436-6354

Strategic Shift

Richard Kugler and Linton Wells II

Page 2 of 107

Pre-Publication Final Draft/Cleared Security and Policy Review

April 29, 2013

Executive Summary This paper examines major changes in U.S. defense plans and priorities that the Department of Defense (DOD) has issued through high level strategy and other guidance documents during 2012 and the beginning of 2013. These include:1 Defense Strategic Guidance: Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense, January 2012 (DSG) Defense Budget Priorities and Choices, January 2012 (DBPC); Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Request, February 2012 (FY13BR); Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Request, April 2013 (FY14BR); and Secretary of Defense (SecDef) Hagel’s speech, Defense Department Strategies and Challenges, April 2013 (DSC) Chairman’s Strategic Direction...
tracking img