US History Final Exam Study Guide

Topics: George Washington, American Revolution, American Revolutionary War Pages: 4 (971 words) Published: November 8, 2014
History Final Exam Study Guide

1. The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
First world war – ALL countries involved
7 year war
Cause: Washington sent to tell the French to get off the land – turns into a land dispute in North America over the Ohio River Valley British (Washington) vs. French
British allies: Native tribes, Colonials, Prussians
French allies: Native tribes, Spanish, Austrians
Battle moments: Washington and his men built Fort Necessity and were forced to surrender it, British attacked and captured Quebec after a 5 day battle, British capture Montreal Outcomes: British victory! February 1763, Treaty of Paris signed ending the war. The treaty gave Britain title to all French territory east of the Mississippi, including Canada. Britain also gained Florida from Spain. 2. British Acts and Colonial Responses after the F&I War:

King George III begins restricting colonies
Proclamation Line of 1763 – no longer could colonials settle west of the Appalachian Mountains Stamp Act (1765) & colonial response – tax on ALL paper items, 1st direct tax, affected everyone, get stamp to show proof of paying the tax; Colonials believe in self government, protest long and loud which leads to tax repeal Townshend Acts (1767) – tax on tea, paint, lead, and glass, used to raise revenue for war debt, money used to pay Government salaries, Sam Adams circulates letters to all other colonies to protest/boycott Boston Massacre – first blood of the revolution, competing with British for jobs, don’t like the British military bossing them around Tea Act and Party with Intolerable/Coercive Acts (1773) – British had repealed all taxes EXCEPT for the Tea Act, many parties resisted purchasing the British tea; British then put the Intolerable/Coercive Acts into place to scare the colonist and tell them “don’t mess with us,” they shut off the Boston ports, brought in many British troops, and announced that all court cases would be done outside of Boston Sam Adams – mouth of...
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