Urinary Tract Infection

Topics: Urine, Urinary bladder, Kidney Pages: 2 (589 words) Published: May 10, 2012
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that is found in your urinary system. It is mainly limited to your bladder can be painful and irritating. Serious consequences can occur if the infection spreads to the kidneys. The population that is at risk of UTI is mostly women. Most women will develop an UTI during their lifetimes and some usually get it more than once. The urinary system is basically composed of the bladder, ureter, urethra and kidneys which play a common goal of waste removal. The lower tract that is the bladder is at a higher risk for urinary tract infection. The main causes of UTI is bacteria strains that include E.coli, Staphylococcus which accounts for about 5-15% of the UTI in young women, Klebsiela, Enterococci, and Proteus mirabilis. E.coli is harmless organism that originates from the intestines. It spreads to the vaginal opening invading and colonizing the bladder thus resulting into an infection. It mostly occurs in girls and women from wiping back to front or sexual activities. The latter are mostly found in older women. The germs usually get into system through the urethra and in women it is usually shorter thus makes it easier for the bacteria to move through the bladder. Not cleaning oneself after sex can lead to the infection. It is said that using a spermicide or a diaphragm during sex can lead to UTI. One is also at risk especially if one does not drink enough water, has diabetes or is pregnant. Kidney stones or enlarged prostate can lead to the infection because they usually block the flow of the urine to the bladder. Some deodorants and vaginal hygiene products can lead to UTI too despite them being highly advertised that they can’t Waiting for long without urinating may lead to UTI The bladder stretches beyond capacity if one does not urinate in time.As a result the bladder is not completely empty and the retention of some bladder may lead to an infection. The symptoms of UTI include the frequent urge to urinate followed...
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