Urbanization of America

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Abstract
The purpose of this essay is to give a historical summary of America’s new look as an urban nation in the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. This essay will give an account of how immigrants came to the America in search of a new way of life, but had to deal with overcrowding in the cities and life in slum neighborhoods. It will also examine how new classes of people developed due to the urbanization of America.

America’s New Look as an Urban Nation
In the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, America had become home to immigrants of all nationalities that had come to the United States in search of a better way of life and some had come to escape persecution in their native lands. As more immigrants came into the U.S. and moved into the larger cities, overcrowding became an issue. The majority of the people living in the city also worked in the city. Unlike fifty years prior to this new urban nation, when most people worked on their own land and didn’t have to go outside their own home for income. This new nation of immigrants found work in the new industries that had formed in the U.S. in the bigger cities. Not only did the immigrants come to the cities for work, some farmers in the U.S. moved their families to the bigger cities to get work because it was a quicker way to make money. The large industrial plants were located in the middle of the city and the cheapest and easiest way for the people to get to work was to walk. It was easy for them to simply live in the neighborhood where they worked. This is one of the reasons why the cities became so overpopulated and how the U.S. became an urban nation. Urbanism, by definition, is the way of life of city dwellers. City dwellers are exactly what these immigrants had become. They lived and worked in the cities not because they necessarily wanted to, but because they had no other choice. It was as if they were trapped in the city because the wages they were paid...
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