Urbanization in Tamil Nadu

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Introduction
Tamil Nadu ranks first in urbanisation among the fifteen major States in the country. Urbanisation has been on the increase since 19611.According to the 2001 Census, Tamil Nadu has emerged as the State with the highest level of urbanisation (43.86 per cent) in the country. 2.72 out of 6.21 crore of the total population of Tamil Nadu live in urban areas.

Objective
• To highlight the impact of Urbanisation slowdown in our state. • To emphasize, how the natural habitats are destroyed.

Scope and Limitation
The scope of this report is towards enabling the students and management • To highlight the upshot of environmental degradation • Help them to become a part in reducing the global warming.

Limitations
This study is applicable to the students of LIBA and therefore the professor and Management. The data used to explain the study is collected from internet and various media sources.

Urbanisation
Tamil Nadu has a very dispersed pattern of urbanisation with municipalities in virtually every District. The boundaries of Chennai District are contiguous with the Chennai Municipal Corporation. However, the Chennai Metropolitan Area is a larger area which includes several municipalities and town panchayats. The spatial distribution (by district) of the six corporations, 104 municipalities, and 611 town panchayats, clearly illustrates that urbanization is not limited to anyone part of the State. However the urbanization is slow in our state due to few aspects as Population, Poverty, Water Supply, Growth of slum, Environment sanitation (Sewerage, Drainage, Solid waste disposal)

Population:
The 2.7 crore urban population of Tamil Nadu require a wide range of urban services including water supply, sewerage, solid waste management and streets as well as social infrastructure like schools, hospitals, markets and so on. The density of population in urban areas not only reveals the concentration of people in urban areas but also highlights the structural condition of the town/city.

Poverty:

Poverty is defined as people's inability to secure the minimum level of subsistence with a person not having adequate income to buy food with a total caloric norms 2150 in urban areas. The proportion of people living below poverty line in urban Tamil Nadu had been steadily on the decrease from 42.40 in 1973-74 to 39.77 in 1993-94 and further to 22.11 per cent in 1999-2000. The number of poor persons during 1999-2000 is estimated at 49.97 lakh in the urban areas. So we can see a bright side on the aspect of poverty decreasing.

Growth of slum:

A rapid increase in urban population results in the problems of straining or breaking-down of sanitary facilities and other infrastructure in cities and towns. The local bodies are faced with the responsibility of providing amenities with limited or often scant resources. The net result of this incongruity between the resources and responsibilities not only leads to formation of new slums but also gives new dimensions to the problem of slums. Slums are a formidable problem merely because the gap between resources and demand for shelter tends to exist perpetually. The urban poor by themselves can neither afford to build pucca house or spare the hard earned money for stay in rented houses with basic amenities. Such people enroach Government and private lands kept vacant. Many slums are situated in vulnerable locations like river margins, water logged areas, road margins, etc. The slum population prefers to live in unhygienic conditions and in areas prone to floods and accidents. Slum population accounts for 20 percent of the total population in the State. It is well known that the slum huts lack proper basic amenities such as living space, drainage, toilet and other facilities. Ultimately this aggregates the degree of morbidity and mortality among slum population. It is now widely recognized that the Government should only play a role of 'facilitator' and...
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