Urbanization & Moving to the city in Latin America
Urbanization, a process in which an increasing proportion of the population lives in cities and suburbs, has been growing rapidly over the past few years. This trend has been noticeable within Latin American countries. However, urbanization in these countries has both promises and negative assets. The promises include increase in employment as well safety, in certain areas. Some pitfalls are a lack of security, excessive use of drugs, corrupt government, and congestion within the cities.
Urbanization varies dramatically throughout Latin America, as it such a broad area. For the most part, the bigger cities in the Latin countries have higher employment rates along with higher household income. In most of the larger cities of these countries it is safer for the most part. There still is violence everywhere you go, however it is at a much lower rate than in the suburbs and jungles that lie within these countries. Government headquarters lie in the urban areas, along with the mainstream police and security systems.
Political corruption and the abuse of drugs are the biggest problems in Latin American cities. A study conducted by National Autonomous University of Mexico estimates that the cartels in Mexico have bribed the Mexican government with $500 million dollars a year to help in the process of transporting drugs. Police are paid such a low salary that the bribes are very hard to resist. They can be offered up to ten times the amount of money they make working for the government to help drug traffickers. Mexico has become the leading drug trafficking country into the United States. “Since 1990, about 70% of the cocaine reaching the United States has arrived via Mexico. It is a major source of marijuana and supplies one quarter of the U.S. heroine market.” Mexico has surpassed the notorious country of Columbia in the cocaine department. (An Inferno Next Door by:...