Urbanization and Infrastructure Facilities in Bangladesh

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Sector: Urban Development
Problem: Rapid urbanization resulting inadequate infrastructure facilities in larger cities of Bangladesh Problem Justification and analysis: Bangladesh, predominantly a rural country and 74% of overall population live in rural community whilst around 26% people live in urban areas. Recently, population growth in urban areas exposed faster than rural areas. Therefore, urban communities being troubling lot in availing adequate infrastructure facilities. Large migration and move of people from rural areas to urban areas: Rural people’s rate of migration and move to mega cities being increasing day by day that resulting geometric growth in urban community. Average population growth since period 1970-2000 in overall Bangladesh is around 2.2% while the matter in Dhaka city is around 7.1%, Chittagong 5.5%, Rajshahi 7.6%, Khulna 5.1%. Analyzing BBS information, rate of migration and move to mega cities from rural communities is comparatively higher than smaller cities. Reasons and hindrances of the said matter are expressed below * Urbanization has been concentrated in larger cities than smaller one (urban growth is higher in Bangladesh than its neighbor South Asian countries-source World Bank research publication). The four largest cities- Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi and Khulna; account for over 60 percent increased population up from 48 percent in 1970 (ref. World Bank report 1999-2000). * Urbanization and concentration in largest cities exposing with byproduct of economic development. Dhaka alone holding one third of total urban population. One of most important reasons is 80% of garment industry established only in Dhaka and connecting cities. All these garment industries employed more unemployed women together with men migrated from rural community. * The urbanization has important and positive implications in productivity and GDP growth * Education, employment, sourcing money and administrative facilities...
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