Urban Study

Topics: Global warming, Urban heat island, City Pages: 4 (1339 words) Published: August 17, 2013
According to the latest report released by Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009), the estimated population of Melbourne SD is 3.9 million at June 2008, an increase of 74,600 people or 2.0% since June 2007. Melbourne SD experienced the largest growth amongst all Australian capital city SDs for the year to June 2008. And the Government of Victoria believes that there will be a one million growth of population in the next 30 years (Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment, 2005). Due to the large number growth of population, how to plan Melbourne as one of the most livable city in the world in the future become a big issue. To tackle this problem, many planning policies like Postcode 3000, ResCode which mainly aimed to facilitate urban consolidation have been introduced by the Government of Victoria. Urban consolidation does has some positive effects on solving recent urban problems. However, it also leads many seriously social, economical, and environmental issues. And this essay is going to discuss which way should Melbourne be developed in the future on social, economical, and environmental aspects. As urban consolidation has been the major planning policy in Melbourne for the past two decades, it seems to solve some of urban problems like the high infrastructure cost of low density sprawl (Searle, 2003, P1). Some people argue that the high density development would be more efficient on land use, in order to reduce the high pressure of population growth in Melbourne. However, the problems of reducing neighbourhood character and lack of open space are caused by the recently mass built high rise apartments. The neighbourhood character refers to the mood and feel of an area. In the urban planning system of Victoria, the neighbourhood character has become a important term and a compulsory standard for assessing all applications for residential development in urban areas since 2001 (Victoria Department of Planning and Community Development,...
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