Urban Sprawl and How it Affects Atlanta
By: Noah Layman
The Forest is Disappearing
It is called “The fastest spreading human settlement in history”. It is Atlanta. Hundreds of acres of forest have been cleared for roads, highways, and new homes to be built. Not only does Atlanta lead the nation in urban sprawl, it leads it in new jobs, new homes, and new highways.
Why does Atlanta keep growing?
The people of Atlanta want bigger yards so they move to another location in Atlanta. There are no large bodies of water, mountains, or major federal land holdings to limit the city's outward growth. In fact it includes 8,480 square miles. A lot of young adults are seeking jobs in the region. Growth means the Atlanta population has become more diverse. Atlanta has a younger average population than the overall U.S. population.
The housing costs in Atlanta are affordable compared to other parts of the country. Atlanta’s urban sprawl keeps the real-estate market less volatile than other major cities. There was a 46 percent increase in population from 1990 to 2000 within the Atlanta area. The city’s racial diversity is greater than the nation as a whole. The increase in population has resulted in increased crime rates. Across the region, 28 counties and 140 municipalities govern the Atlanta area.
One of the affects of urban sprawl is additional cars and people driving farther distances, as a result there has been an increase in air pollution. Most of the population of Atlanta relies on cars for transportation, the people of Atlanta drive more than any other country in the world and that’s what lends itself to polluted air. The metropolitan Atlanta region has more than 16,000 miles of roads, the second-highest number of miles per capita of any metropolitan area in the nation.