Urban Growth

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URBAN GROWTH
URBAN
• It is derived from the Latin 'Urbs' a term used by the Romans to a city. • spatial concentration of people whose lives are organized around non- agricultural activities. • Placed-based characteristic that incorporates elements of population density, social and economic organization, and the transformation of the natural environment into a built environment. •

GROWTH
• An increase, as in size, number, value, or strength; extension or expansion.

URBAN GROWTH
• The (relative or absolute) increase in the number of people who live in towns and cities. The pace of urban population growth depends on the natural increase of the urban population and the population gained by urban areas through both net rural-urban migration and the reclassification of rural settlements into cities and towns.

• 79% of Americans and 50% of the world’s people live in urban areas.

URBAN Population
• refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices

TWO WAYS of URBAN GROWTH

• Natural Increase
• more births than deaths

• Immigration
• mostly from urban areas
• in search of :
• Jobs
• Food
• Housing
• Educational opportunity
• Better health care
• Entertainment
• Freedom from religious, racial, and political conflicts •
• Factors Pushed People from Rural to Urban:
• Poverty
• Limited land for growing food
• Declining agricultural jobs
• Famine
• War

FOUR MAJOR TRENDS OF URBAN GROWTH

• The proportion of the global population living in urban areas is increasing. • The number and sizes of large urban areas is mushrooming. • Urban growth is much slower in developed countries than in...
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