Urban Forests and Open Green Spaces: Lessons for Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Topics: City, Urban area, Metropolitan area Pages: 23 (8472 words) Published: March 9, 2011
Occasional Paper


Vijai Shanker Singh Deep Narayan Pandey Pradeep Chaudhry


Vijai Shanker Singh1 Deep Narayan Pandey2 Pradeep Chaudhry3

Principal Secretary, Environment & Chairperson, Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, Jaipur, Rajasthan 1 2 3

Member Secretary, Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, Jaipur, Rajasthan

Head, Silviculture Division, Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur-342005, India *Address for correspondence: Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, 4-Jhalana Institutional Area, Jaipur 302017, E-mail: dnpandey@gmail.com

RSPCB Occasional Paper No. 1/2010 © 2010, RSPCB Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board 4-Jhalana Institutional Area Jaipur 302017, Rajasthan, India Telephone: +91-141-5101872 Fax: +91-141-5159695 www.rpcb.nic.in Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board The Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board is a body corporate constituted under section 4 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. It was first constituted on February 7, 1975, with the objectives of prevention, and control of water pollution and maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water. Later, it was also entrusted with the responsibilities of prevention, control and abatement of air pollution under the provisions of Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 has been enacted to make the State Board financially independent. Under this act the State Board has been given powers to collect cess on the basis of water consumed by the industries and others. Enactment of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 has further widened the scope of the activities of the Board. This act being umbrella legislation, different rules for addressing the problems of various sectors have been enacted under this act. Currently, the State Board is engaged in implementation of the following rules under EPA, 1986: • Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. • Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008. • Manufacture, Storage & Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989. • Public (Liability) Insurance Act, 1991. • Environmental Impact Assessment (Aravali) Notification Dated 7.5.1992. • Environmental Impact Assessment Notification dated 14.09.06. • Bio Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998. • Recycled Plastic Manufacture & Usage Rules, 1999. Noise (Pollution Control & Regulation) Rules, 2000. • • Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000. • Battery (Management & Handling) Rules, 2001.

Summary 1. Introduction 2. International Norms for Urban Green Spaces 3. A Global Perspective on Extent of Urban Forests 4. Urban Domestic Gardens 5. Ecosystems Services and Functions of Urban Green Spaces 6. Economic and Social Perspective 7. Linking Knowledge to Action: Lessons for Jaipur Acknowledgements References 5 6 7 8 12 13 15 16 18 19

Urban Forests and Open Green Spaces | 

In an era of global climate change and rapid urbanization, innovations on governance of urban systems are critically required as 50% people are now living in less than 3% of the earth’s urbanized terrestrial surface. Without careful production of knowledge, and large investments to link that knowledge to action, cities will be overwhelmed with environmental challenges. Both policy and science now emphasize the critical necessity of green areas within urban social-ecological systems. Here, we review the present status of urban forestry across the world, and draw lessons that can be applied for the governance of urban green spaces during the development of Jaipur as a world-class city in Rajasthan. We find wide variation both in coverage as well as per capita availability of green spaces. There are, however, some discernible trends emerging from...
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