Untac

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  • Topic: Cambodia, Hun Sen, Cambodian People's Party
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Pannasastra University of Cambodia

Commitment to Excellence

Report

Topic: The United Nation Transitional Authority of Cambodia

Case study: Cambodia Election in 1993

Subject: Government of Cambodia and Political

Professor: May Sam-Oeun

Group 6 members:

1. Ro VathanaksambathID 08549

2. Sok Kanha

Term II 2009

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Contents

2.1 Objectives

2.2 History and Goals

2.3 Cambodian Election in 1993

2.4 Disarmament

2.5 Mine Clearance

2.6 Repatriation

2.7 Rehabilitations

3. Discussion (Case Study: Cambodian Election in 1993)

3.1 Before election period

3.2 Post Election period

3.3 Some advantages of UNTAC’s presence

4. Conclusion and Recommendations

5. References

1. Introduction

UNTAC is an acronym came from “The United Nation Transitional Authority of Cambodia. It was the United Nations peacekeeping operation in Cambodia in 1992-1993.

UNTAC was set up in February 1992 in agreement with the State of Cambodia, the de facto government of the country at that time, in order to implement the Paris Peace Accords of October 1991.

UNTAC's aim was to restore peace and civil government in a country ruined by decades of civil war and Cold War machinations, to hold free and fair elections leading to a new constitution and to "kick-start" the rehabilitation of the country.

The flag of Cambodia during

UNTAC Administation

An UNTAC peacekeeper in 1993

2. Contents

1. Objective

The objectives of my research are:

- To give an overview on UNTAC era

- To understand about the Cambodian election on 1993

- To find out the pro and con of the presence of UNTAC

2. History and Goals

UNTAC involved 15,900 military, 3,600 civilian police, 2,000 civilians and 450 UN Volunteers, as well as locally recruited staff and interpreters.

UNTAC’s aim was to:

← Restore peace and civil government in a country

← Hold free and fair elections leading to a new constitution

← "kick-start" the rehabilitation of the country

During the mission, over US$ 1.6 billion was spent

3. Cambodian election in 1993

The Paris Agreements entrusted UNTAC with organizing and carrying out free and fair elections in Cambodia in order to select a government among the conflict parties in Cambodia. As stipulated in the agreement of the electoral law, which had been submitted to SNC by UNTAC on 1 April 1992 and was adopted by SNC on August 5 and promulgated on 12 August, 120 members of constitutional assembly will be selected out from the result of the election basing on Proportionate Representative system. It means that voting for political parties. Cambodian people, who are 18 or above, is eligible to vote according to voting right. All the political parties who wished to stand for election needed to register at the UNTAC administration. Then, UNTAC had published the list of Party candidates in each of provinces letting the people to know. It is noted that there are over 4.7 millions Cambodian people had registered to vote. The process of registering had taken for 3 months from 5 October 1992 until 31 January 1993.

On 4th April 1993, PDK announced that they could not attend the election due to his thought that Vietnamese force still occupy Cambodia and that the country was not neutral. Therefore, UNTAC could not access on the areas controlling by PDK ( Kampuchea Democratic Party). The number of people living there was estimated at around 5 % of the total.

The campaign began on 7th April 1993 where 20 political parties attended. PDK refused to participate....
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