Since the implementation of the New Economic Policy in the 1970’s, Malaysia has been developed rapidly. Followed by the Master Industrial Plan and Outline Perspective Planning 1 and 2 (OPP1 AND OPP2), the economic structure has been changed from an agricultural economy to an industrial and knowledge-based economy.
Also, the government of Malaysia implements the National Education Policy. The National Education Development Plan 2001-2010, the Third Outline Perspective Plan 2001-2010, and the Knowledge-based Economy Master Plan are in tandem with the National Education Policy in terms of meeting the needs of the human resource development as well as providing quality and accessibility to all levels of education. However, the main objective of the National Education Policy is to promote the national unity through 11 years of basic education by making Malay Language as the medium of instruction while using English Language in the teaching and learning of Science and Mathematics. At the same time, the uniformity of curriculum and examinations are stressed throughout all the schools in Malaysia. The implementation of such policy is in line with the economical, social and political structure of the country.
On August 31 (1970), the Five Principles of Nationhood ( Rukunegara ) were officially declared by Malaysia government, in the hope that it would strengthen the national unity in the multicultural society of Malaysia. This concept has become universal and acceptable among all Malaysian citizens, regardless of ethnic origin or religious affiliation. Below are the Five Principles of Nationhood: Belief in God ( Kepercayaan kepada Tuhan )
Loyalty to King and Country ( Kesetiaan kepada Raja dan Negara ) Supremacy of the Constitution ( Keluhuran Perlembagaan ) Rule of Law ( Kedaulatan Undang-undang )
Mutual Respect and Morality ( Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan )
In 1971, the Malaysian National Cultural Policy is introduced too. Through this...
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