The better Healthcare system: United States vs. Japan
Saint Leo University
The better healthcare System United States vs. Japan
The world as a whole has a health care system that is designed to meet the needs of their population (Wanjek, July 2009). Around the world health provision varies, almost all of the wealthy nations around the world provide Universal healthcare except the United States (WHO, 2012). While some countries seem to have their healthcare system worked out, the United States is continuously trying to fix theirs (Geek, 2003). Located in the Pacific Ocean, Japan is an island nation in East Asia, with a life expectancy over four years greater than the United States (Geek, 2003). Japan is partly responsible for producing the healthiest population on earth (Harden, 2009). Japan has provided universal health coverage which allows virtually all access to preventive, curative, and rehabilitative service at an affordable cost since 1941 (Harden, 2009). Comprising of fifty states and federal districts, the United States is located in North America (Wanjek, July 2009). Before the 1920’s Americans were treated by physicians in the privacy of their own homes (Reid, 2010). In 1751 the Nations first hospital was founded in Pennsylvania by Dr. Thomas Bond and Benjamin Franklin (Medicine, 2012). The hospital was created to care for the insane and poor sick people wondering the streets (Medicine, 2012). Both the United States and Japan’s healthcare system cannot perfectly be compared, because Japan has a love level of drugs addiction, obesity and violence which are all rampant in the United States (Wanjek, July 2009). The universal healthcare structure, healthcare payments, amounts paid each year along with who is covered under the countries health care plan is what will be compared between the United States and Japan (Harden, 2009). “Universal healthcare is a term that refers to a governmental system meant to ensure that every citizen or resident of a region has access to required medical services. The method through which payment is achieved, and through which doctors practice medicine, vary depending on the country or municipality” (Geek, 2003). Japan’s healthcare system is funded by job based insurances and taxes (Harden, 2009). The healthcare system is both mandatory and universal. In Japan’s healthcare system no one is denied coverage because of pre existing illnesses they may have nor do they find themselves financially burden because of a sick family member (Harden, 2009). A Japanese can chose any specialist and or any primary care physician they want (Harden, 2009). The United States healthcare system is market based, which means it is paid by private entities like employers and by the individuals (Klein, 2012). The government will also provide healthcare to those that are unable to afford it (Klein, 2012). The United States also use what they call manage care (Thorpe, 2006). Manage care is suppose to reduce the unnecessary health care cost by economic incentives for physicians and by patients selecting less costly forms of care (Miller, 2009). Both the United States and Japan have programs that serve the poor families and the disabled (Miller, 2009). The United States uses the money generated from taxes to reimburse providers who take care of patients enrolled in the government medical coverage called Medicaid (Thorpe, 2006). For Japan the National Health Insurance participants pay co-payments for care and prescription drugs and a premium determined by salary, so if they make close to nothing they pay close to nothing for health coverage (Harden, 2009). How countries pay for healthcare and the resources they devote to health affects both the quality and the care people get (Thorpe, 2006). In a lot of countries such as Japan’s healthcare is paid mostly by the government or organization associated using taxes collected by the people (Thorpe,...
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