In the war on drugs along our southern border the United States (US) has 4 drug cartels that pose a large security risk to the US. They are the Tijuana Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel, Juarez Cartel, and the Gulf Cartel. Each of these has their hand in crime with the intent to profit from the very profitable drug trade into America and they are willing to kill to either keep what they have or gain more “turf”. Understand as we talk about the “turf” (general operating area), that it is a fluid commodity that comes and goes as the constant battle lines move. As the flow of violence makes its way into the US we must take a closer look into who they are, where they operate, and what their main profit is derived from.
Starting at the western most border intersection between Mexico and the US is the Tijuana Cartel. The Tijuana Cartel generally operates from the US’s southern border starting at the Pacific Ocean east to about the upside down T-intersection of the southwestern corner of Arizona. This positioning gives them access to southern California exclusively with a strategic bottle neck effect to keep competition at bay. Their origins come out of a break in command when several major arrests took place in the Sinaloa Cartel’s infrastructure in the late 1980’s (Grillo, 2009). It was started by the Arellano brothers, Eduardo and Enedina (Grillo, 2009). The main base of operation for this cartel is Tijuana Mexico, just south of San Diego. The cartel’s accused boss, Benjamin Arrelano Felix, has recently been requested for extradition on charges of cocaine trafficking and money laundering (SourceMex Economic News & Analysis on Mexico, 2007).
The next cartel immediately east of that is the Sinaloa Cartel. This cartel has possibly the largest “turf” of all Mexican cartels (Curzon, 2007). The head of the organization is “Joaquin Guzman, who goes by the nickname ‘El Chapo’ or ‘Shorty’” (Mahalo). No information has... [continues]
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