United States Diplomacy

Topics: United States, Oregon Country, Oregon boundary dispute Pages: 2 (452 words) Published: October 25, 2013
Bethany Maxwell
McCormick
1B
2013-09-23

United States’ Diplomacy Usage
The United States used diplomacy in order to guarantee their claim of territory and settle disputes of the boundary of Maine and the boundary of Oregon by the idea of manifest destiny and the compromising of treaties. During the 19th century, Oregon’s boundary, along with Maine’s was a diplomatic issue concerning the United States. Diplomacy is an issue dealing with international relations between states which greatly benefits the U.S. by accomplishing their goal in expanding the country into various regions.

The dispute over the boundary of Maine began in 1838. This dispute consisted of the Aroostook War which was a confrontation between the British colony of New Brunswick and the state of Maine. Top level diplomats from the United States and Britain met in Washington and forged a peaceful compromise, commonly known as The Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842 which established the permanent border. However, as a result, the dispute involved no actual armed confrontation between the two. Instead, diplomatic negotiations quickly solved the dispute. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled the final boundary between the two countries, giving most of the disputed area to Maine.

The Oregon boundary dispute, also known as the Oregon Question, emerged from the competition of British and American claims to the Pacific Northwest of North America in the first half of the 19th century. This dispute became important to the geopolitical diplomacy between the British Empire and the new American Republic. The United State’s Democratic Party during the 1840’s appealed to expansionist sentiment, and the infamous theme of manifest destiny asserted that the U.S. had a valid claim to the entire Oregon Country up to Russian America at parallel 54°40′ north. At this time, James K. Polk had won the 1844 election in which he then sought a compromise boundary along the 49th Parallel. Polk eventually...
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