United States Constitution and Supreme Court

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I. Chapter: Business Ethics and Social Responsibility

True or Flase

11.Wever, Inc. is considering relocating a facility to Mexico. The interests of the various stakeholders affected by this decision may conflict.

12.In analyzing ethical dilemmas using the ethics checklist presented in the textbook, it is best to narrow your focus to encompass only one or two major issues.

14.Because of the increasing medical concern over obesity in the United States, federal regulation of advertising has effectively reduced to one-tenth of all advertising during children’s television programs advertisements for foods high in fat, sugar, and salt and low in nutrition.

15.The ethics checklist provided in the textbook was created by Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart to aid business managers in finding solutions to difficult ethical problems.

II. Chapter: Common Law, Statutory Law and Administrative Law TRUE/FALSE

1.The doctrine of stare decisis, though vital to the creation of the common law when this country was settled, is not important to our modern, complex society.

2.While at the park, Tasha saw a small child fall into the lake. Tasha did not know the child. Under the common law of most states, Tasha has a legal duty to take reasonable steps to assist the child if Tasha is able to provide positive assistance and the assistance will not jeopardize Tasha's well being.

3.The largest source of new law is court decisions.

4.The majority of work done by legislative bodies is performed in committees.

5.Even if a statute’s words have ordinary, everyday significance, the court will look at the legislative history of the law and public policy in order to interpret the statute.

6.If the President vetoes a bill and if both the House and Senate repass the bill by a two-thirds margin, the bill becomes law.

7.The Federal Trade Commission promulgated Telemarketing Sales Rules regulating the activities of telemarketers. One of the rules prohibits telemarketers from calling a person's residence at any time other than between 8:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. This legislative rule has the effect of a statute.

8.The Civil Rights Act of 1964, a federal statute, forbids discrimination on the basis of national origin in employment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is the administrative agency that oversees the law. The EEOC issued Guidelines on Discrimination because of National Origin. According to one of the guidelines, the EEOC will presume a violation of the law if an employer sets a work requirement that employees must speak only English in the workplace. This is an interpretive rule because it interprets the Civil Rights Act.

9.The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has proposed rules aimed at reducing repetitive-stress injuries. ATC, Inc. disagrees with the proposed rules. ATC, Inc. should challenge the proposed rules in court to prevent them from becoming final rules.

10.From tax returns, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has information concerning Elizabeth Jones. Generally, the IRS may not divulge this information to the Federal Bureau of Investigation unless Elizabeth has given written consent.

11.Administrative agencies exist at the federal, state, and local levels.

12.Because of the concept of stare decisis, the U. S. Supreme Court, in interpreting a statute in 2009, will necessarily interpret certain statutory language in the same way as the U. S. Supreme Court interpreted the same statutory language in 1971.

13.The President has the power to remove the chairperson of the Consumer Product Safety Commission, an independent federal administrative agency, if the President disagrees with the chairperson's actions.

14.Common law, like statutory law, is prospective.

15.Actual hearings are required...
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