United States Constitution and Block Grant

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Chapter 4-Section 2 Page 103 #1-4, 6 1. What are the 3 obligations that the Constitution places on the National Government for the benefit of the States? • Guarantee Union a Republican Form of Government. • Protect each of them [States] from invasion and internal disorder. • Respect the territorial integrity of each of the States. 2. Explain the difference between an enabling act and an act of admission. • Enabling act: an act directing the people of the territory to frame a proposed State constitution. • Act of admission: an act creating the new State. 3. A. What is a block grant? • Block grant: one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy. • Health care, social services, or welfare B. How do block grants reflect cooperative federalism? • State and local governments have much greater freedom in deciding just how and on what to spend block grant dollars. 4. In what ways do the States aid the National Government? • The States help out the National Government by taking on more work. • For example, those who commit federal crimes and are sought by the FBI and other federal law enforcement agencies are often picked up by State and local police officers and then held in local jails. 6. Suppose your State is to receive increased federal funding for a program to provide day care for the children of some working parents. Would this funding likely come as a categorical grant, a block grant, or a project grant? Why? • This funding would likely come as categorical grant, because this program is helping the community. Vocabulary: • Enabling act: an act directing the people of the territory to frame a proposed State constitution. • Act of admission: an act creating the new State. • Grants-in-aid program: grants of federal money or other resources to the States and/or their cities, counties, and other local units. • Revenue sharing: form of federal monetary aid under which Congress gave a share of federal tax, revenue, with...
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