United States Congress and Challenging Ref

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d Semester Short Answer



1.Drawing Conclusions Why did the Framers of the Constitution establish a bicameral Congress?

2.Drawing Conclusions Why do you think no equivalent for the filibuster exists in the House of Representatives?

3.Expressing Problems Clearly Some people believe that the President should receive no benefits other than salary. Why might that create serious difficulties?

4.Identifying Assumptions What does the fact that new nations generally want to be recognized by the United States suggest about their beliefs?

5.Drawing Conclusions Supreme Court cases inevitably end with a decision from the Court. Describe the three types of opinions that can be written as part of that decision.

6.Predicting Consequences What might be the consequences of making the Free Exercise Clause absolute?

7.Synthesizing Information Summarize the processes and procedures that result in a fair trial.
2nd Semester Short Answer
Answer Section


The Framers established a bicameral legislature for three reasons. First, they were familiar with the bicameral British Parliament. Second, a bicameral structure resolved conflicts between the Virginia and New Jersey plans. Third, the bicameral structure was meant to provide a system of checks and balances within the legislative branch itself.


The filibuster is a creature of the Senate and owes its existence to that body's time-honored attachment to unlimited debate. The sheer size of the House weighs heavily against the feasibility of unrestricted debate, and its time-limit rules reflect this fact. Allowing the filibuster in the House would be the equivalent of eliminating its time-limit rules, without which it could not effectively function as a lawmaking body.


Many of the tasks the President...
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