United Nation System and Organs

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  • Topic: United Nations, United Nations Security Council, United Nations General Assembly
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For a list of United Nations member states, see Member states of the United Nations. For other uses, see United Nations (disambiguation). "UN" redirects here. For other uses, see UN (disambiguation).

United Nations
الأمم المتحدة
联合国
Organisation des Nations unies
Организация Объединённых Наций
Organización de las Naciones Unidas|
| |
Flag| |
|
Map showing the Member states of the United Nations
This map does not represent the view of its members or the UN concerning the legal status of any country,[1] nor does it accurately reflect which areas' governments have UN representation.| Headquarters| International territory

in New York City, New York, United States|
Official languages| Arabic
Chinese
English
French
Russian
Spanish|
Membership| 193 member states|
Leaders|
- | Secretary-General| Ban Ki-moon|
- | Deputy Secretary-General| Jan Eliasson|
- | General Assembly President| Vuk Jeremić|
- | Security Council President| Masood Khan|
Establishment|
- | United Nations Charter signed| 26 June 1945 (1945-06-26) | - | Entry into force of Charter| 24 October 1945 (1945-10-24) | Website
UN.org|
The United Nations (abbreviated UN in English, and ONU in French and Spanish), is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. The UN currently has a total of 193 member states. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most prominent position is Secretary-General which has been held by Ban Ki-moon of South Korea since 2007. The United Nations Headquarters resides in international territory in New York City, with further main offices at Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.[2] Contents[hide] * 1 History * 2 Legal basis of establishment * 3 Organization * 3.1 General Assembly * 3.2 Security Council * 3.3 Secretariat * 3.3.1 Secretary-General * 3.4 International Court of Justice * 3.5 Economic and Social Council * 3.5.1 Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues * 3.6 Specialized institutions * 4 Membership * 4.1 Group of 77 * 5 Objectives * 5.1 Peacekeeping and security * 5.2 Human rights and humanitarian assistance * 5.3 Social and economic development * 5.4 Mandates * 5.4.1 Greening the Blue * 5.5 Other * 6 Funding * 7 Personnel policy * 8 Reform and criticism * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links| History

Main article: History of the United Nations

The Chilean delegation signing the UN Charter in San Francisco, 1945 The League of Nations failed to prevent World War II...
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