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The Nation State
An Essay by Anthony C. Pick

Dedication This essay is dedicated to the memory of Irene Pick (1939-2007).

Acknowledgements The author acknowledges with gratitude the help that he has received from Simon Pick and Matthew Pick, without which many errors and omissions would have occurred.

March 2011

Copyright © Anthony C. Pick

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2011

Summary ..................................................................................................................................................3 The Nation State .......................................................................................................................................5 The Significance of the Nation State: International Peace .......................................................................5 The Significance of the Nation State: The Growth of Democracy ...........................................................7 The Significance of the Nation State: Social and Economic Development..............................................9 Precursors of the Nation State: The Personal State ................................................................................14 Precursors of the Nation State: Theocracy .............................................................................................17 Precursors of the Nation State: Oligarchy ..............................................................................................19 Precursors of the Nation State: City State ..............................................................................................21 Precursors of the Nation State: Territorial Empire .................................................................................25 Precursors of the Nation State: Trading Empire.....................................................................................29 Precursors of the Nation State: The Military State .................................................................................31 Precursors of the Nation State: The Tribal State ....................................................................................32 Development of the Nation State............................................................................................................34 Phase I: Consolidation of the Personal or Imperial State .......................................................................36 Phase II: Transfer of Legitimacy to the Nation ......................................................................................39 Phase III: Establishment of Constitutional Legitimacy ..........................................................................40 The Development of Individual Nation States: 15th to 18th Centuries: ...................................................43 Switzerland, Netherlands, Scotland, England, United States, France.....................................................43 The Development of Individual Nation States: 19th Century: ................................................................45 Sweden, Spain, Norway, Portugal, Greece, Belgium, Hungary, Denmark, Romania, Italy, Canada, Japan, Germany, Iceland, Bulgaria, Philippines.....................................................................................45 The Development of Individual Nation States: 1900-1933: ...................................................................51 Australia, Finland, Iran, Argentina, Russia, Czech Republic, Poland, the Baltic States, Mongolia, Ireland, Turkey, Thailand, Mexico, Colombia .......................................................................................51 The Development of Individual Nation States: 1934-1966: ...................................................................57 Chile, Syria, Jamaica, Austria, Brazil, Jordan, Malaysia, New Zealand, India, Sri Lanka, Korea, Indonesia, China, Bolivia, Egypt, Morocco, Vietnam, Peru, Tunisia, Venezuela, Ghana, Algeria, Kenya...
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