Unit 9 - Health and Social Care

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Introduction
Throughout this assignment I am going to be looking into the health and social topic of communicable and non-communicable diseases. I will be investigating into various aspects of two specific diseases. A high level of knowledge will be demonstrated with a detailed description of both communicable and non-communicable diseases as well as an understanding of epidemiology. I will then find a communicable and non-communicable disease example and describe the biological basis of each disease with an explanation to how the body responds to the disease. A list of at least three of the different signs and symptoms which are produced and displayed with the disease will then be shown. The changes shown as a result from the disease will be related to the methods used to diagnose and differentiate these diseases. The report will also identify and review at least three of the factors that could affect the distribution of the disease. I will then compare and contrast the communicable and non–communicable disease. An Examination and explanation of at least three of the factors that can affect the outcome of the treatments of the two diseases will then be produced, with comparison to the support available to those with my chosen disease compared to other communicable and non-communicable diseases. I will then evaluate the strategies for the prevention of both of my chosen diseases. An examination and explanation will then be conducted of at least three reasons to why the strategies are not always as successful as they could be. I will also research other communicable and non-communicable diseases and include them in my assignment, describing the diseases that have the same signs and symptoms as my chosen communicable and non-communicable diseases. Throughout my assignment I will use appropriate resources such as reports, articles, the internet and books, all of which will be related to health and social care and the diseases chosen.

The service user that I have chosen for this unit is the care of older people. The reasons behind my choice of group is because I will be able to gain a better knowledge about disease in elderly people and I will be able to research into why elderly people get diseases at a certain age.

Health and Disease
Being in good health is now a positive experience where by individuals can feel healthy and free from illness. Health is;

‘Seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources, as well as physical capabilities.’ (World Health Organisation (1986).

When an individual has bad health then this is normally known as that particular individual having an ‘illness’. The term illness is a word that is used when describing that an individual is unwell. By having an illness it is a very personal health experience since we are aware of something that doesn’t feel right. An example of an illness could be Influenza, otherwise known as flu, or a cold. The term ill-health is a longer experience where by an individual is unwell and they may not know the cause, for example this could be diabetes. The term ‘Disease’ could be used if a health professional, such as a doctor, has made a diagnosis from an individual’s signs and symptoms and has offered treatment or care. The term Disease is defined as;

‘A state of ill-health when a part or parts of the body are not functioning properly for a number of reasons e.g. accident, injury, infection or inflammation or inadequate diet’ (Richards 2003). However ‘Fullick 1998’ described Disease as;

‘A diagnostic label given to a set of signs and symptoms by a health professional. There are differing levels of disease ranging from a general feeling of dissatisfaction with life to when we feel sick enough to seek professional advice.’

If an individual has a condition as a result of their signs and symptoms then this can be given a name. There are many...
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