Unit 7 Sociology perspectives for health and social care Concepts and models of health

Topics: Sociology, Medicine, Feminism Pages: 8 (3743 words) Published: December 30, 2014

In this essay I plan to explore and explain the principal sociological perspectives of the different types of perspectives: Functionalism is a macro approach it contains a variety of institutions in society and how they are all dependent on each other; if one begins to fail it effects the rest of society. It is often referred to like 'the human body' society being the body and the organizations being the organs. When the organs (organizations) begin to fail due to deviant behaviour it effects the body (society) which can be fixed. Sociologist analysis the institutions of society as functioning smoothly and concord; as they contribute clear factors to society to make it function accordingly. Functionalism is beneficial according to (George Murdock 1897-1985) as it consider our values, so when crime or 'deviant behaviour' is publicized society comes together in mutual shock and disagreement which is why crime is heavily exposed in the media, Judicial system is heavily exposed as well, so society can carry out their roles and know the norms and laws and achieve that society is running smoothly. It also teaches the younger generation appropriate behaviours in society. The formation of boundaries; as society changes individuals become unsure about values and too much uncertainty in the public is bad for social cohesion. So when extreme fashions of deviances enables individuals to create moral boundaries, like sexuality functionalist argue that same sex couples are integrated part of society but should not be frustrated when conflicting their marriage rights, The economic function ensures that family has the reassurance and can provide food, shelter and be financially secured. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100603055057AAE7UBk Functionalism is also been criticised for no tackle the areas of conflict which have moulded the modern society. They are very vague and do not have clear, affirmative effective functions; so they portray a 'rosy picture' of the institutions. They also base their ideas all associates in societies share and agree on the same values and beliefs, and this value consensus does not grasp the socialisations processes and the workings of the main institutions. Functionalism in health and social care portray doctors having an important role in society (Talcott Parson 1951) as they have power and can dictate the amount of time an individual can have time off work and family ablutions. Illness is due to deviant behaviour which interrupts work and family life. Parson concludes that when an individual is ill they take the 'sick role' this is when the individual is prevented from functioning their role in society and is allowed to get better, however, they are obliged to get better and ensue what the doctor instructs them to do. Marxism is a macro approach it is very conflicting and structuralise model, Karl Marx (1818-1883) unlike functionalism, Marxism looks the battle of 2 classes the Proletarian (a large poor group of individuals who have sold their labour and are exploited and taken advantage by the bourgeoisie) and the Bourgeoisie/Capitalists (a small powerful group who owned the factories, land and other large organisations, they are able to control the economy and societies institutions to their own advantages as they have power and money.) It seems that the asymmetrical and variance relationship between the bourgeoisie and the proletariats will result in conflict and will be adapted into the economic system. The mass power and manipulation that the bourgeoisie has on society influences education and curriculum taught in schools, socialisations development and the values and stances, unlike a common value system of functionalism. The proletariats are being taken advantage of by the bourgeoisie by false consciousness, which is the outlooks and certainty by the proletariats are not aware that they are labouring to serve the needs (create more profit and money) of the...
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