Unit 6

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BTEC Level 2 first health and social care
Jade Louise Roberts Unit 6
Task 2

All health and social care settings are designed to support equality, diversity, rights and also the many of other different ordeals that influence today’s modern society. The main aim and focus of this assignment is to explain factors that may influence the equality of opportunity for individuals. Discrimination is an act of prejudice against a person because of their set of characteristics. These characteristics can include disability, age, gender, religion, race, sex and sexual orientation. There are two different forms of discrimination, direct discrimination, this occurs when a person is treated less favourably than another in a comparable situation because of their racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. An example of direct discrimination is a job advert, which says "no disabled people need apply. And indirect discrimination this means that one person is treated exactly the same as another. It is most important that in health and social care settings, practitioners understand all these factors as well as how they can have an effect on the care they provide to service users. A practitioner needs to acknowledge an individual’s beliefs even when it is not something they believe in themselves. Although there is laws that have been put in place in modern society there are situations where people are still being discriminated against. These are examples of factors that may influence the equality of opportunity of individuals. Like in the case of the killing of Stephen Lawrence who was murdered whilst waiting for a bus with his friend, this relates to discrimination against ethnicity and is a prime example of inequality in modern society. Stephen Lawrence was only 18 when he died on the 22nd April 1993. The group of individuals that were responsible, attacked him simply because of his skin colour, this was a racially motivated assault. The polices assumption at the time was that Stephen Lawrence was in a gang and/or a trouble maker, his parents were also treated poorly because of this, at that time it was discovered through a BBC documentary that there was an underlying racism within the police force. Even after 19 years since this happening, the parents of Stephen Lawrence still have not had justice. His parents have kept fighting and are not going to rest until they get justice. This was a hate crime and shows how public sector services i.e. the police force are failing, also highlighting a lack of equality in society because of the way this particular case was dealt with and how it got in a way “swept under the carpet” along with many other cases of hate crime happening in modern society. Still in 2013, 20 years after Stephen Lawrence was murdered, his family are still receiving racist threats, the latest threat according to The Independent being received on the 16th of January 2013. “The brother of murdered teenager Stephen Lawrence has received a racist threat after publicity surrounding his complaint that police had stopped him up to 25 times.” In health and social care settings it is forbidden for practitioners to be discriminatory. For example, a nurse in a hospital could not refuse to deal with a patient due to the colour of their skin. This would be unfair to the patient, and is a form of discrimination. In relation to the above case, one wonders if this could have been gender related. In today’s modern society we know that discrimination based on gender exists. A few examples of this are, that traditionally women were expected to stay at home and look after the family, do the housework etc. whilst the men would go out to work in order to support his family, this is stereotyping. More often of not when going for a job if it was a choice of a man or woman getting the job, the man would usually get it. A justification for this was because it was thought that a man would be more stable and...
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