D1 – Identify THREE different settings where children might play D2 – State the typical age range and the stage of play of the children who might play in each setting D3 – Describe ONE type of play that may take place in each setting D4 – Describe ONE activity or experience in which children might demonstrate each type of play A setting were children might play is the park. The typical age range is 5-6 years. The stage is cooperative play. Cooperative play is when children take on roles, e.g. nurse, fireman or policeman. They will play on what each of them will do and how things will go to plan. The type of play is physical play. Tassoni P states that “Physical play helps children to develop muscles, stamina and coordination of their movements”. Page 163. The activity is Tennis. This play involves 2 people trying to get a score and see who wins by using a racket and hitting it to one another over the net without hitting the net. For this play you need a tennis court, tennis balls and rackets.
The second setting where children might play is a nursery. The typical age range is 3-4 years. The stage of play is associative play, this means is when a child will copy other children and try to get involved in their play or game. The type of play is construction/manipulative play. Tassoni P. states that “Manipulative play can also be called construction play; manipulative play encourages children to build or fit equipment together. “ Page 166. The activity is Building Blocks, this play involves big blocks that fit together, and there is also a large range of parts which means that children can make cars or houses out of these blocks.
The third setting where children might play is in the house. The typical age range is 6 months to 1 year. The stage of play is Solitary play. Solitary play is when a child plays alone, usually concentrating on what he/she is doing. The type of play is discovery play. Tassoni P. states that “Discovery play is a term used to describe activities and play which help children to explore new materials and textures. “ Page 169. The activity is treasure baskets, this play is used for babies who are sitting up but not yet mobile. The idea of the treasure baskets is that only objects that are natural are put out for babies. The objects are often presented in a basket and the baby is able to choose what to take out and explore.
D5 – Identify a theory of play related to ONE type of play For the purpose of this assignment I intend to look at the theory of play of Froebel. Frobel was a theorist and believed that children learn from doing, not being shown or told. Frobel set up a kindergarten in other words a ‘children’s garden’ in German. Tassoni P states “The kindergarten was for children aged 3-7 years both indoors and outdoors was encouraged” page 149. Frobel felt that children learned about the world from exploring materials such as wood and feathers. Frobel also encouraged learning through songs and rhymes. He argued that children should be treated as individuals. Frobel stated that different types of play with different resources and materials allowed children to develop their imagination, creativity and their understanding. In my setting children are given an opportunity to engage in creative play. The children were involved in making things with clay dough. These allowed the children to experience and investigate the texture of the clay and the colour. This demonstrated Frobel’s theory that children can learn by engaging in hands in learning and benefit more from this than being shown or taught. It’s important that children have the opportunity to take ownership of learning and that adult don’t take over when children are involved in learning creative activities.
D6 – Give ONE example of a play activity for each of the chosen settings that will provide challenge and help children to understand risks House - 6 months to 1 year
Nursery – 3-4 years
Park – 5-6 years
House – Treasure Basket...
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