Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety
1. Describe the factors to take in account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services.
Regarding EYFS the components of a safe environment include: Safeguarding and promoting children's welfare - All practitioners should have an up-to-date understanding of safeguarding children issues and be able to implement the safeguarding children policy and procedure appropriately. Staff should be able to respond appropriately to any significant changes in children's behaviour; unexplained bruising, marks or signs of possible abuse; signs of neglect; comments children make which give cause for concern.
Suitable premises, environment and equipment - secure (entry phones, safeguarding, children’s and adult’s registration, right person (with prior permission) collecting children, fences, etc.). Areas where children learn, play and develop must be in appropriate size (enough space - ratio, enough sinks, toilets,...), suitable for appropriate age group, condition (well maintained, warm, bright, clean, hygienic, etc), safe (handles in a higher level, electric sockets higher and covered, not slippery flours, no sharp corners, supervision all day long and etc.), adequate spaces for the different needs (food, rest, activities, parents, meeting, personal belongings, etc)., must have appropriate fire detection and control equipment (fire alarms, smoke detectors, fire extinguishers and fire blankets) which are in working order. Play equipment and care equipment which is fit for purpose, appropriate for the needs (rest, eat, play, exercise, toilet and etc.) of individual children (appropriate age, disability, culture, etc.) and meets British and European standards.
Buildings must be organized on easy to clean way (walls, flours, etc.), gardens easy to swipe and have shed for the equipment to lock, toys and equipment easy to clean and sterilize, setting must have a schedule for cleaning, washing and sterilizing them, paper tissue must be used for nose and mouse, for cleaning spills, etc; gloves must be used changing nappies, cleaning body waste, etc; different bins must be used for general and body waist; kitchen and cleaning staff must use colour-code based equipment to prevent cross-contamination; food must be kept covered, in appropriate temperature and separate (row and cooked). The people - suitable persons working with children (loving, trained, have appropriate qualification, CRB checked, healthy, understanding their roles and responsibilities and etc.). Children should be supervised at all times, with staffing arrangements organised to meet the individual needs of all children. Documentation - policies and procedures and records that support all of the above and clearly set out duties, responsibilities and actions, risk assessments, required data about every child and staff member. Policies and procedures must be individually created for particular setting, should reflect the strategy of the setting, adhere to the principles of a safe environment throughout and must to reflect what actually happens in setting and be updated regularly. The main policies and procedures that contribute to a safe environment: Health and safety, Policy for Premises and Security, Safeguarding children, Record keeping, Staff, Illnesses and Injuries Policy, Medication and Sickness, Medicines Policy, Lost child Policy, Outing Policy, Equality and inclusion, Partnership with parents and carers, Food and Drink Policy, Non-Smoking Policy and other. Organisation – settings have to plan and organise their work to ensure that every child receives emotional support, enabling them to grow, develop and reach their full individual potential .
2. Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely.
All new workers must have an induction to be completed within...