Unit 4 P1

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Emotional development- Young infants probably do not have a sense of being an individual. Attachment has been defined as an affectional bond that endures across space and time. There would most likely be a psychological response; you would feel surprised and somewhat pleased to see your mom. Infants who are 'securely attached' have successfully developed what Erikson referred to as trust.

Social development- Infants soon recongnise their mothers voice and smell. Social referencing is the term for the way that infants take their cues from others in deciding what emotions and actions are appropriate. How do infants learn to be afraid of something? One way is their own experience, but that experience is very limited. A second way is by looking at how other people react. If a child's mother reacts with fear to mice, snakes and spiders, it is likely the child will come to fear them as well, even if he or she has never been bitten by one. Motor skills- Gross motor skills, big body movements head, arams and legs. Fine motor skills- movement, fringers and toes.

Childhood (2-12years)
Physical:
The child at this point will be able to run without any problems, as well as running they can walk. The child will begin to lose their milk teeth. By the age of six a childs head will be almost adult size. Intellectual:

The child will develop an understanding to count and do their times table. They will have no problem counting and can cope with some equations and manage to solve it. By the age of two languages rapidly develop, pre- operational stage Emotional:

Children can cope with their feelings and others. Develop am understanding of sharing with siblings. Many children will be taught table manners by their parent/Guardians. Child develops a sense of self worth Social:

Positive relationships which a child builds with a friend, mey enable them to make and maintain social relationships with others. This can take place in a nursery or a pre-school. Moral development:

Peoples views on what id right and wrong are influenced by their cognitive developement and how they have learned to think. Having an understanding of right and wrong. Socialisation: Where do children learn the following ( Primary = at home) (Secondary =outside) ·Manners= Primary

·Respect= Primary
·Social order= Secondary
·Prayer/ religion/ eating habits= Primary
·Reading and writing (esteem)= Secondary
·Cultural beliefs= Primary
Development norms and milestones for childhood (4+ years)
* 4 years- children’s precision of motion improves significantly. Most are able to * Build a tower of blocks
* Run around with equal balance
* 5 years- Dresses and undresses alone
* Washes and dries hands and face
* Cleans teeth every morning and evening
* 7 years- chooses own friends
* Shows caring attitude towards others
* Copes well with personal needs
* 8+ years- stubborn and demanding
* Eager for fresh experiences
* May quarrel with other friends

Predictable
* Starting school- Nursery and primary school. Compulsory for every child to attend school * Making friends- tend to make friends with people you get along with] * Brain starts to develop and child can learn to count

Un-predictable
* Illness
* Injury
* Arrival of sibling
* Being placed in care

Adolescence
Physical:
All adolescences go through puberty at this stage of their life. Boys start to grow facial hair and experience wet dreams and erections. Girls start to grow hair under their arms and in private area’s and start their menstrual cycle. Intellectual:

Adolescences start to be creative and use their imagination and begin to imagine things they have never seen or done. They may already at this stage begin to imagine their future and what type of career they would like to focus on. Emotional:

Hormones tend to be continuously changing, especially girls...
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