Unit 4 Health and Social Care Safe Guarding Level 2

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Types of Abuse/Signs & Symptoms
'No Secrets' identifies categories of abuse. They are: Physical Abuse Abusive Action Signs & Symptoms Hitting. Slapping. Pushing. Kicking. Series of unexplained falls or major Misuse of medication. Restraint. injuries. Injuries/bruises at different Inappropriate sanctions. stages of healing. Bruising in unusual sites e.g. inner arms, thighs. Abrasions. Teeth indentations. Injuries to head or face. Client very passive. Sexual Abuse Abusive Action Including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could consent, or was pressured into consenting. Signs & Symptoms Change in behaviour. Overt sexual behaviour or language. Difficulty in walking, sitting. Injuries to genital and/or anal area.

Neglect Abusive Action Includes acts of omission. Ignoring physical or medical care needs. Failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services. Withholding necessities of life e.g. medications, nutrition, heating. Signs & Symptoms Absence of food, heat, hygiene, clothing, comfort. Preventing client to have access to services. Isolation. Absence of prescribed medication.

Psychological Abuse Abusive Action Signs & Symptoms Emotional abuse. Threats of harm or Withdrawal, depression. Cowering abandonment. Deprivation of and fearfulness. Change in sleep contact. Humiliation, blaming, patterns. Agitation, confusion, controlling, intimidation, coercion, change in behaviour. Change in harassment, verbal abuse, isolation appetite/weight. or withdrawal from services or supportive networks. Financial Abuse Abuse Action Signs & Symptoms Theft, fraud, exploitation. Pressure in Unpaid bills. Basic needs not being connection with wills, property, met. lack of cash on day to day inheritance or financial transactions. basis. Misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits.

Institutional Abuse Abusive Action Signs & Symptoms Poor care standards, lack of...
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