Unit 304 - Principles for Implementing Duty of Care

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UNIT 304 - PRINCIPLES FOR IMPLEMENTING DUTY OF CARE
1.1
Within my job I have a duty of care towards all of the children and young people. This is a requirement to exercise reasonable care, attention and caution to avoid negligence which would lead to the harm of others. I have to make sure that I keep these children and young people safe at all times giving extra attention towards the younger more venerable children and ensure they are safe throughout. We protect them not only from physical harm but also emotional and sexual harm. It is guarding the rights of a child as they have the right to independence and be treated with respect and dignity. This extends to respecting the rights, cultural beliefs and values of the parents and family. We have to teach the children and young people which are the positive and which are negative behaviours by setting clear rules and boundaries and by discouraging any behaviour that may cause distress or harm another person, this can be done by asking the child or young person to think about and discuss how the other person is feeling and why they may be feeling that way.

1.2

Duty of care promotes vigilance in the things we do and the service we provide, it reduces accidents and contributes towards protecting people and keeping them safe. It puts laws in place to set the standards and best practise we must follow to ensure the safety and well being of individuals. It protects children, staff and visitors. Within my work setting we safeguard the children in many ways * Taking out risk assessments and taking precautions to avoid potential hazards which might lead to harm to the children. * Setting clear expectations and boundaries for children’s behaviour, and using strategies to discourage behaviour which may harm or distress others. * Observing children and assessing their development, being alert to any indications that their progress is not developing as it should. * Understanding the ways that children may be abused by others, being aware of the signs that a child may be experiencing such harm, and following correct procedures if abuse is suspected.

2.1

It is important to have a balanced approach towards duty of care, as it could be easy to take our responsibilities too far. Children need to take risks to learn how to predict, avoid danger and cope with risky situations. Careful thought needs to be given to duty of care during conflicts and dilemmas. We need to decide what has greater priority in certain circumstances whilst considering the rights of the child. Sometimes individuals may want to do something which could be a risk to their Health and safety. As a carer you have a duty of care to that person and you must do all that you can to keep them safe, but you also have a duty to respect the individuals’ rights and choice, so you may have a dilemma. Some potential conflicts or dilemmas that may arise are: * A younger child wanting to go out to town – we cannot let a younger child go out to town alone so we need to remind the child of the reason they cannot go alone and ensure they understand the possible dangers. We then need to come to a compromise. This may be that they can go with a 6th former who will take responsibility for them for the short time they are out * If a child refuses to take their medication – we have to remind them of why they take the medication and its benefits and again advise them of the risks involved if not taking their medication. If they still refuse ensure this is noted on their Medication administration record and reported it to staff and manager, so they will be aware of the risk.  Conflicts and Dilemmas that may arise between the duty of care and individuals rights could be staff having a difference of opinions over a child, for example a staff member believing they have signs of abuse and another staff member thinking they don’t. This could lead to conflict between the child’s family/carers if staff involved other...
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