P3) Carry out a risk assessment in a health or social care setting. M2) Assess the hazards identified in the health or social care setting. D1) Make recommendations in relation to the identified hazards to minimise the risks to the service user.
For the purpose of this essay I went to the local mall to observe what hazards there are. I am going to assess the hazards that I identified in this setting and I am going to make some recommendations in relation to the identified hazards to minimise the risk to the service users. According to Excalibur Solicitors ‘There are some common shopping centre accidents that can include the slip accident in the shopping centre at the place where the floor was left wet after being mopped and cleaned. Problems with the escalators and elevators are also one of the causes of common shopping centre accidents.’ The hazards that I identified in the shopping mall included, wet floors, hot food, drinks and hot surfaces, metal knives and forks in the reach of young children, escalators and also the railings on the higher floors.
In 2003 a child safety scheme was launched and the County Mall in Crawley was the very first place in the UK to introduce ‘the pilot Child Safe Zones initiative.’ BBC News, May 2003. The child’s description and a photograph aimed to alert the authorities to cases of missing children as quickly as possible. An annual fee of £10 would mean the parents would each be given an individual identification number for their child and a freephone number to call.
The first hazard that I recognised in the shopping mall was the wet floor in the ladies toilets. This made the floor very slippery and dangerous. I rated the severity and the likelihood of this hazard at 2/3 for each, therefore making the risk of this hazard a 4/9, meaning that this risk is not extremely high. However the severity of the injury cause by this hazard depends on how the individual falls as it can vary for only bruising themselves to being as severe as breaking their arm, leg or hip. If there are no warning signs saying that the floor is wet, then the company may be fined for not having these if an injury is to occur. To reduce the chance of this hazard occurring, the managers must make sure that the toilets are cleaned and checked regularly to make sure that there are no spillages on the floors in the toilets. This will also ensure that they stay clean throughout the day. ‘Wet Floor’ signs should be put up in the toilets if there is a chance that the floors may be wet, whether this is due to the floor being cleaned or due to a spillage that is waiting to be cleared up. This will warn the public of the hazards that they must be aware of.
The second hazard that I identified was hot food, drinks and hot surfaces. With children between the ages of 2 and 4, they may not yet understand that hot food or hot surfaces can burn you. I rated the likelihood and the severity of the injury that could be obtained from this hazard as a 2/3 for each, making the risk a 4/9. This is not incredibly high, however the severity of the injuries that may be obtained depend on the temperature of the food or the surface and the volume of food. In Bristol the local council made a film to warn parents about the dangers of hot drink spills scalding young children. The article say ‘Hot water can scald for up to 30 minutes after it is boiled and scalds can happen in seconds.’ Dr Amber Young, Bristol News, May 2011. Picture from http://www.nbt.nhs.uk/patients__carers/Hot_Drinks_Harm.aspx Print screen at 0.59 seconds.
Picture from http://www.nbt.nhs.uk/patients__carers/Hot_Drinks_Harm.aspx Print screen at 0.59 seconds.
I noticed that in the food court in the mall, young children may be able to reach onto sides that have hot drinks and hot food on. A scald from a hot drink can scar for life. The severity of the scald or scar depends on the temperature and the volume of hot liquid spilt. To minimise the chances of this...