Unit 27 Health and Social Care P1

Topics: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Pages: 2 (399 words) Published: January 4, 2013
P1- Describe the characteristics and causes of challenging behaviour Challenging behaviour is behaviour outside of the expected norms for a person’s age, that is disruptive and difficult to manage and can cause harm. The individual exhibiting the behaviour is likely to suffer from a learning disability or a mental illness or may have had a difficult upbringing. Challenging Behaviour | Characteristics | Triggers |

Tantrums | Tantrums are typically characterized by stubbornness, crying, screaming, yelling, shrieking, defiance, angry ranting, a resistance to attempts at pacification and, in some cases, violence. Physical control may be lost, the person may be unable to remain still, and even if the ‘goal’ of the person is met he or she may not be calmed.| Frustration - at not being capable of doing something yet (such as tying her shoelaces) or not being able to make others understand what she wants. The desire for independence - simple things such as strapping your child into her car seat can seem like a deliberate move to thwart her independence. Hunger and/or tiredness - your toddler is more likely to behave badly when she's in this state. Being refused something - you may have said no to an ice cream, for example, or another child may not want to share a swing or toy. Wanting attention - small children love to be the centre of attention, even for negative reasons, so if you've given a lot of attention to previous tantrums, your toddler may try the same again. | ADHD | Hyperactivity- Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat, Leaves seat when expected to remain there, runs about excessively and inappropriately, has difficulty in playing quietly, and also talks excessively. Impulsivity-blurts out answers before the question is complete, Can’t wait for his or her turn. Interrupts or intrudes on others. Inattention-Has poor attention to detail and makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activities. Has difficulty in sustaining attention....
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