‘Nutrition and the effects on health’.
This booklet will contain:
What nutrients are and how they affect our body, malnutrition, deficiency etc. The guidelines which determine nutritional health including dietary reference values (DRV), what a balanced diet is and how to maintain this, what BMI is and how to calculate it, the eat well plate, I will explain possible influences on dietary intake, assess how these influences may affect the nutritional health of individuals and I will also make realistic recommendations for minimising the impact of negative influences on individuals in a specific health and social care setting.
SECTION ONE: NUTRITIONAL HEALTH
Nutrition is the science of food. It is about the nutrients in foods and how the body uses those nutrients. It includes the process of ingestion, digestion, absorption, metabolism, transport, storage and excretion of nutrients. It also includes the environmental, psychological and behavioural aspects of food and eating. The six food groups of nutrients include: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water. Good nutrition consists of a good well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, make you more prone to diseases, health problems i.e. obesity and impaired physical and mental development. Malnutrition is a serious condition that happens when a person’s diet does not contain enough nutrients to meet the demands of their body. This can affect growth, physical health, mood, behaviour and many of the functions of the body. You can become malnourished if your diet does not contain the right balance of nutrients. Being malnourished does not always mean that you are thin or underweight. It is possible to eat a diet high in calories but containing few vitamins and minerals. This means you can become malnourished, even though you might also be overweight or obese. Malnutrition is a common...