Unit 201 Child and Young Person Development

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CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT
Unit 201

Outcome 1Know the main stages of child and young person development

1.1Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years

a)Physical development:

Infancy is birth to 1 year
The physical development from a new born lying on their back and needing their head supported is that they learn to grab things and hold onto them. They get muscles in their neck, arms and legs so that they can hold their own head up, sit and move around.

Early years from 1 - 3 years
They learn to stand, walk, jump, run, climb stairs. They lean pincer movement in their hands and can hold, pass and put things together also holding pens/crayons to draw with. Also they feed themselves, dress and can put shoes on.

Childhood from 4 - 7 years
They lean to run fast, hop, skip, ride bikes and balance on small areas. Throw and catch a large ball, play games and jigsaws. Has control to draw pictures and write their name also control when using scissors and can easily dress and undress themselves

Puberty from 8 – 12 years
Improves physical skills that have already developed
Puberty starts around 10 for girls with a growth spurt and increase in body strength

Adolescence from 13 – 16 years
Brains developing with increase in reaction times and co-ordination For girls puberty is complete at about 14 and periods start
For boys puberty is 13–16 and they will be stronger than girls

Young Adult from 17 – 19 years
95% of adult height reached
Advanced growth of facial and body hair in boys, and breasts in girls Continued brain development until late adolescence.

b)Communication and intellectual development:

Infancy is birth to 1 year
A new born cries when it needs attention, if it is hungry, tired or distress. It learns to coo then say simple sounds like aah or goo then to dadda or mam. It learns the tone in which things are said and response to noise. Laughs and chuckles and squeals aloud in play. Understands about 20 words in context, cup, dog, dinner, and simple messages, ‘clap hands’, ‘where are your shoes?’ They can blinks in reaction to bright light or turns to soft light. Follow objects around and look in the direction for falling toys.

Early years from 1 - 3 years
Learns and join in with nursery rhymes. Uses their own name and takes to themselves during play. Learns animals, body parts and names of everyday items. They can hold a simple conversations and enjoys repetition of favourite stories. They ask what, why and how? Most can counts to ten. Drops toys deliberately and watches them fall, follow toys that have rolled out of sight. Recognises familiar people and point to interesting objects inside and outside

Childhood from 4 - 7 years
Speech is fluent and used correctly, they can give their full name, age, birthday and address. They enjoys jokes, singing, and rhymes. If told a new work will ask the meaning of it. Draws man with head, body, arms, legs and features, and will draw house then colour pictures neatly. Knows time of day for basic activities also colours symbols, letters and numbers and can count up to 100.

Puberty from 8 – 12 years
Most children are fluent speakers, readers and writers of their language. They can sort out logical problems, transfer information and read and write with confidence. They becoming more creative in play.

Adolescence from 13 – 16 years
Increasing use of peer influence via songs and the internet. Use coded language as with texting. Develop the ability to think abstractly and question information and are more globally aware. Choosing future education path and a preferences appears more for arts or sciences

Young Adult from 17 – 19 years
Increased concern for the future with well defined work habits and a greater capacity for setting goals. Self-regulation with growth in abstract thought but tend to be self-absorbed

c)Social, emotional and behavioural...
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