Unit 201 1.1

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At birth,a child has the primitive reflexes of sucking, swallowing, grasping and stepping when held upright on a hard surface. It will recognise and be soothed by its mothers voice. As it grows and develops it will begin to smile, show facial exprerssions, control his own head unsupported. The child will also be intrigued by its own hands and be able to hold an object for a few seconds.

At six months it will be able to sit with support, roll over and lift its upper body away from the floor with his arms. The child will also respond to different voices and also different tones of those voices.

Its gross motor skills will continue to develop and at one year old, will be able to crawl and to stand unaided. The child should also have the ability to hold a cup, want to feed himself, albeit messily and pick up small items with its finger and thumb. The child will become interested in their surroundings, will dislike changes and will learn to play alone. They will also be able to imitate their carers voice with some simple sounds. It is expected that all children will walk by 18 months old, although the average is 14 months. They will also begin potty training and may become shy of strangers.

By the age of 3, the child has gone from being totally dependant upon their parent or carer, to a toddler who can kick a ball, jump, ride a trike, draw a face and build with blocks. They gain a sense of self, their own identity and will be prone to tantrums through frustration or not be allowed their own way. They will begin to play happily with other children and beginning to learn to share.

At five years old they will have become more confident and be able to run and hop, aim when throwing a ball and catch it, do and undo buttons along with other more intricate tasks. The child will be able to reason and enquire, enjoy role play games with both sexes. They will develop their fine motor skills further with learning to brush their own teeth, being able to write their...
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