Unit 2 Child Care and Education

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Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in TWO areas of development. Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. By the age of five children learn by observing and listening to others around them. Children at the stage will ask many questions such as 'why' and 'how' being concerned about everything that's going on and what people are talking about. Social and Emotional development for children aged three to five is very important for every child's development in these are being met at this time of life as this is when they start to become aware of who they call their friends and who are is there all the time and who is not. They start to feel emotions for people around them in their everyday life. For example children at the age of three according to www.greatschools.org a child may like to play near other children but not join yet. This is called parallel play when children have not started to play together. Also according to this website children at the age of three do not cooperate or share well. On the other hand this site refers to how children at the age of five find friends important and seeks to play with others than to play alone. E2

Describe the development of children in a selected age range, different from E1 and in TWO areas of development. During the age seven to eleven which is also known as the Concrete Operational Stage , the thought process becomes more rational, mature and 'adult like', or more 'operational', although this process most often continues well into the teenage years. Piaget claims that before the beginning of this stage, children's ideas about different objects, are formed and dominated by the appearance of the object. For example, there appears to be more blocks when they are spread out, than when they are in a small pile....
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