Unit 19 Exploring Team Development
Task 1 (P1)
There are two different types of group within an organization. They are: 1. Formal groups
2. Informal groups
Formal groups are mostly managers of the organization that have been purposely created to meet goals and targets of the organization. The main purpose of Formal groups is to perform specific tasks and achieve specific objectives defined by the organization. Examples of formal groups are departments, divisions, committees and the board of directors. Informal groups are not planned or created by management but rather self-created and have advanced from the formal groups. These groups advance for such reasons as closeness, common interests and needs of individuals. One reason for the making of informal groups is a common interest shared by its members. For example, a group of colleagues that band together to seek representation may be called an interest group. An example of this is if a committee share the same views and want to raise issues with the board of directors they then become an informal group within a formal group as not all members of the committee may share the same viewpoint. The complexity of a formal group becoming informal is very high and will only be made due to grounds of common interests, proximity and needs of individuals. Within an organization there are also many types of group. There is a difference between a group and a team. A group may change into a team. A team share common ground and work together to achieve certain goals. The different types of group are specialized, autonomous, permanent teams, temporary teams, ‘virtual’ teams, remote teams and high performance working teams. Self-working groups are selected to work together to achieve goals with little supervision, the organization is entrusting them to do the job and deliver results. Virtual teams are teams which communicate via technology, whether this is email or fax, they never actually meet. One reason for the growth in virtual teams is obviously due to increasing globalisation and team members working and living in different countries. This gives rise to the potential difficulties of cultural diversity. The more culturally diverse the members, the more difficult it is to mange virtual teams. Cultural diversity, which is increasingly common in virtual teams, adds to complexity when managing virtual teams because different values, customs and traditions require more leadership under conditions that reduce the ability to use direct leadership. Task 2 (P2) When creating a team of staff, it is important to remember the main basics of the individuals such as personality. If two leading personalities that like to lead and be the voice of the team, there will be a lot of disagreement and it simply won’t work. The way out of that is to get a balance and to get a team together who are cohesive and will help the organization to move forward and make serious and important decisions. There needs to be a set individuals that can take the correct and most suitable team role and all of the workers must bring something to the organization and to the team in order for it to function. As workers are increasingly expected to contribute to the team, every member of team has a say. This is carried out through meetings to discuss plans of action for the business. Higher management communication is a very important factor when building a team because the team of workers must know what is happening with the business in order to make decision and giving the team more control and freedom to make these decisions will ultimately lead to higher levels of motivation and this helps with higher levels of productive work. Misunderstandings can lead to failure in achieving organizational goals and objectives. There are 9 strategies for building a cohesive team of workers and all are important. Just because you have staff doesn’t mean you have a team. You have...